Monitoring Risk & Health Behaviors
Items of Interest
- Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans Midcourse Report: Strategies to Increase Physical Activity Among Youth
- Active PA: Obesity Policy Evaluation Research (R01)
- Active PA: School Nutrition and Physical Activity Policies, Obesogenic Behaviors, and Weight Outcomes (R01) (R21) (R03)
- The Lancet series on physical activity (July 2012)
- Active PA: Improving Diet and Physical Activity Assessment (R01) (R21)
- The Weight of the Nation [HBO documentary]
- Journal Supplements on Physical Activity Measurement
- National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research Launches Measures Registry:
- Strategic Plan for NIH Obesity Research (March 2011):
- National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research Launches Surveillance Catalogue:
- Active PA: Obesity Policy Research: Evaluation & Measures (R01) (R21) (R03)
- Supplement: Measurement of the Food & Physical Activity Environments
Current evidence convincingly indicates that physical activity reduces the risk of colon and breast cancer. Physical activity may also reduce risk of prostate cancer. Scientists are also evaluating potential relationships between physical activity and other cancers.
The consistent findings for colon and breast cancer have led researchers to recommend that individuals increase physical activity to reduce the risk of cancer. However, it is not yet possible to provide a specific activity prescription for the population.
To better understand the relationship between physical activity and cancer and to make specific activity prescriptions, it is necessary to be able to accurately assess levels and types of activity. This poses a challenge because existing assessment methods are crude and imprecise. In particular, better methods are needed to:
- assess physical activity from transportation, occupation, and household tasks in addition to that from recreation;
- assess physical activity over longer time periods, including across the lifetime;
- assess more completely the frequency, duration, and intensity of physical activity;
- improve the validity and reliability of physical activity assessment instruments; and
- incorporate cognitive aspects into the design of assessment instruments.
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2014