National Cancer Institute Home at the National Institutes of Health |
Please wait while this form is being loaded....
The Applied Research Program Web site is no longer maintained. ARP's former staff have moved to the new Healthcare Delivery Research Program, the Behavioral Research Program, or the Epidemiology & Genetics Research Program, and the content from this Web site is being moved to one of those sites as appropriate. Please update your links and bookmarks!

Publication Abstract

Authors: Francis DO, Yueh B, Weymuller EA Jr, Merati AL

Title: Impact of surveillance on survival after laryngeal cancer in the medicare population.

Journal: Laryngoscope 119(12):2337-44

Date: 2009 Dec

Abstract: OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Routine surveillance is advocated to detect recurrent disease after treatment for laryngeal cancer. This aim of this study was to determine the 1- and 5-year postrecurrence mortality for laryngeal cancers and evaluate whether more intensive surveillance improved survival. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Patients with recurrent cancers (1992-1999) were identified in a national cancer clinical database. Multivariate analysis was used to evaluate the effect of surveillance on postrecurrence survival. RESULTS: Of 2,121 recurrent cancers identified, 913 were laryngeal. Patients with laryngeal cancer recurrence had 27% (P = .001) and 22% (P = .007) better odds of 1- and 5-year survival than other sites. The 1- and 5-year postrecurrence survival rates for laryngeal cancer patients were 72.4% and 41.3%, respectively. Glottic cancer cases had the best postrecurrence life expectancy. Multivariate regression revealed that clinical surveillance intensity had no independent impact on their survival (P < .05). However, patients with recurrent glottic cancer seen in surveillance had 23% improved odds of survival (P = .037). CONCLUSIONS: More frequent surveillance visits was not associated with a survival advantage in the overall population. Patients with glottic cancer had a postrecurrence survival advantage if seen during the surveillance period. Laryngeal cancer patients had better postrecurrence survival than other head and neck sites.

Last Modified: 03 Sep 2013