National Cancer Institute Home at the National Institutes of Health |
Please wait while this form is being loaded....
The Applied Research Program Web site is no longer maintained. ARP's former staff have moved to the new Healthcare Delivery Research Program, the Behavioral Research Program, or the Epidemiology & Genomics Research Program, and the content from this Web site is being moved to one of those sites as appropriate. Please update your links and bookmarks!

Publication Abstract

Authors: Hardy D, Liu CC, Cormier JN, Xia R, Du XL

Title: Cardiac toxicity in association with chemotherapy and radiation therapy in a large cohort of older patients with non-small-cell lung cancer.

Journal: Ann Oncol 21(9):1825-33

Date: 2010 Sep

Abstract: BACKGROUND: The study's objective was to investigate the risks of developing cardiac disorders following the administration of chemotherapy and radiation therapy in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: The study consisted of 34 209 patients aged > or =65 years with American Joint Committee on Cancer stages I-IV NSCLC identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Result-Medicare linked database (1991-2002) who were free of cardiac disorders at NSCLC diagnosis. RESULTS: There were significant associations between the use of chemotherapy/radiation and the risks of developing ischemic heart disease, conduction disorders, cardiac dysfunction, and heart failure. The absolute risks for cardiac dysfunction increased with the administration of chemotherapy-only and radiation-only, and incrementally with chemoradiation. Men, blacks, older patients, those with higher comorbidity scores, and advanced disease were at higher risk. The risk for ischemic heart disease increased when radiation/chemoradiation were rendered to the left lung and both lungs and for cardiac dysfunction, radiation administered to the left lung. CONCLUSIONS: There were significant associations especially for cardiac dysfunction with use of chemotherapy/radiation therapy and risks of developing cardiac toxicity in NSCLC patients. The risks of treatment-associated cardiac toxicity, specifically ischemic heart disease and cardiac dysfunction, were greatest among those with left-sided lung tumors.

Last Modified: 03 Sep 2013