National Cancer Institute Home at the National Institutes of Health |
Please wait while this form is being loaded....
The Applied Research Program Web site is no longer maintained. ARP's former staff have moved to the new Healthcare Delivery Research Program, the Behavioral Research Program, or the Epidemiology & Genomics Research Program, and the content from this Web site is being moved to one of those sites as appropriate. Please update your links and bookmarks!

Publication Abstract

Authors: Norman SA, Talbott EO, Kuller LH, Krampe BR, Stolley PD

Title: Demographic, psychosocial, and medical correlates of Pap testing: a literature review.

Journal: Am J Prev Med 7(4):219-26

Date: 1991 Jul-Aug

Abstract: The approaches used to ensure regular Pap testing must be tailored to sociodemographic, psychosocial, medical, and motivational factors that may change over a woman's life. Careful descriptions of the determinants of Pap testing at different stages are needed; the success of Pap-emphasizing programs designed without this information may be severely limited. We review the literature on demographic and psychosocial correlates of Pap testing and on the relationship of Pap smear frequency to contact with the medical care system and to preventive health behaviors. We include a discussion of factors related to preventive health behavior in general, so that the Pap test can be viewed against a range of behaviors. Pap program efforts must focus more precisely; our review of the available literature provides recommendations for improving Pap screening programs.

Last Modified: 03 Sep 2013