Authors: Vitak B, Stål O, Månson JC, Thomas BA, Arnesson LG, Ekelund L, Måre K, Nordenskjöld B, Källström AC, Bång H
Title: Interval cancers and cancers in non-attenders in the Ostergötland Mammographic Screening Programme. Duration between screening and diagnosis, S-phase fraction and distant recurrence.
Journal: Eur J Cancer 33(9):1453-60
Date: 1997 Aug
Abstract: The study was based on a population mammographic screening programme for women aged 40-74 years. Metastatic potential was analysed in 843 invasive breast cancers with regard to mode of detection and a number of prognostic factors. There was a higher metastatic capacity in clinically detected cases, but multivariate analyses showed that neither the mode of detection (hazard rate ratio of distant recurrence RR = 1.39, 95% CI 0.78-2.46 interval cancers and RR = 1.6, 95% CI 0.76-3.36 non-attenders) nor the duration between screening and diagnosis for true interval cancers (RR = 0.47, 95% CI 0.16-1.35 in tumours detected later than one year after screening) were independent prognostic factors. A correlation was found between metastatic potential and the SPF (RR = 2.94, 95% CI 1.57-5.50 in tumours with a high SPF), the oestrogen receptor status and the tumour stage. In conclusion, interval cancers intrinsically are not different from other breast cancers with equivalent characteristics; the duration between screening and diagnosis in interval cancers was not clearly correlated to the prognosis, but the S-phase fraction was a powerful predictor of prognosis.