Authors: Wideroff L, Schiffman M, Haderer P, Armstrong A, Greer CE, Manos MM, Burk RD, Scott DR, Sherman ME, Schiller JT, Hoover RN, Tarone RE, Kirnbauer R
Title: Seroreactivity to human papillomavirus types 16, 18, 31, and 45 virus-like particles in a case-control study of cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions.
Journal: J Infect Dis 180(5):1424-8
Date: 1999 Nov
Abstract: Serum IgG antibodies to human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16, 18, 31, and 45 virus-like particles were measured in a nested case-control study of cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions. HPV-16 seroreactivity was strongly associated with HPV-16 DNA detection (odds ratio, 9.0; 95% confidence interval, 4.4-19.4), and similar type specificity was observed for HPV-31 and -45. In contrast, seroreactivity to any type was associated with elevated seroreactivity to all others. Among cases and controls, HPV-16 showed the highest seroprevalence, with 23.8% of 80 cases and 10.5% of 258 controls seroreactive to HPV-16 alone, and another 27.5% and 5.4%, respectively, seroreactive to HPV-16 plus other types. Overall, 24 (30.0%) cases and 17 (6.6%) controls were seroreactive to multiple types. These data suggest that seroreactivity to a given type reflects mainly type-specific HPV infection as measured by DNA detection and may also signal past exposure to other types that are now only serologically detected.