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Table 1. Mean intake & major sources of energy, solid fats & added sugars among children & adolescents in the United States (2-18 years old)

  Top five sources
Age Group #1 % Mean (kcal) SE #2 % Mean (kcal) SE #3 % Mean (kcal) SE #4 % Mean (kcal) SE #5 % Mean (kcal) SE
Energya
All Grain dessertsb 6.8 138 6.7 Pizza 6.7 136 8.5 Sodac 5.8 118 8.7 Yeast breads 5.6 114 6.8 Chickend 5.6 113 8.1
2-3 Whole milk 7.1 104 8.2 100% fruit juicee 6.3 93 9.4 Reduced fat milk 6.2 91 10.7 Pastaf 5.9 86 9.4 Grain dessertsb 4.6 68 6.6
4-8 Grain dessertsb 7.6 136 10.8 Yeast breads 5.4 98 5.1 Pastaf 5.4 97 11.4 Reduced fat milk 5.3 95 7.2 Pizza 5.3 95 12.3
9-13 Grain dessertsb 7.1 145 15.6 Pizza 6.3 128 9.5 Chickend 6.0 122 13.1 Yeast breads 5.4 109 5.8 Sodac 5.2 105 12.1
14-18 Sodac 9.3 226 18.2 Pizza 8.8 213 24.5 Grain dessertsb 6.5 157 8.4 Yeast breads 6.2 151 14.5 Chickend 5.9 143 16.6
Solid Fatsg
All Pizza 11.5 50 3.6 Grain dessertsb 9.8 43 2.4 Whole milk 8.2 35 3.2 Regular cheese 7.9 34 2.9 Fatty meatsh 6.7 29 2.5
2-3 Whole milk 16.7 58 5.6 Fatty meatsh 11.1 39 5.0 Regular cheese 8.6 30 6.0 Reduced fat milk 8.1 28 3.8 Grain dessertsb 7.2 25 2.4
4-8 Whole milk 11.3 45 5.6 Pizza 10.2 41 6.0 Grain dessertsb 9.0 36 2.6 Regular cheese 7.0 28 4.5 Reduced fat milk 6.9 28 3.6
9-13 Grain dessertsb 11.4 51 6.0 Pizza 11.2 50 5.2 Regular cheese 8.9 40 5.3 Whole milk 6.7 30 4.4 Fatty meatsh 6.5 29 2.9
14-18 Pizza 14.7 70 9.3 Grain dessertsb 9.7 46 2.8 Regular cheese 7.6 36 3.2 Fried potatoes 6.9 33 2.3 Fatty meatsh 5.7 27 3.0
Added Sugarsi
All Sodac 31.8 116 5.3 Fruit drinks 15.0 55 3.1 Grain dessertsb 10.9 40 2.3 Dairy desserts 7.9 29 3.4 Candy 6.8 25 2.2
2-3 Fruit drinks 19.3 38 3.7 Sodac 11.4 22 3.3 Grain dessertsb 11.3 22 1.7 Candy 8.5 17 2.5 Cold cereals 8.3 16 1.6
4-8 Sodac 19.9 65 7.5 Fruit drinks 17.0 56 5.9 Grain dessertsb 11.2 37 2.8 Dairy desserts 10.4 34 5.9 Cold cereals 8.3 27 1.9
9-13 Sodac 30.7 117 11.7 Fruit drinks 13.6 52 5.7 Grain dessertsb 12.4 47 5.6 Dairy desserts 8.8 33 5.2 Candy 7.8 30 3.1
14-18 Sodac 44.5 197 9.7 Fruit drinks 14.1 63 5.6 Grain dessertsb 9.4 42 2.9 Candy 5.6 25 4.1 Dairy desserts 5.5 24 2.7
Data Source: Energy data from NHANES 2005-2006, Solid Fats and Added Sugars data from NHANES 2003-2004.
NHANES 2005-2006: Sample size by group by group: Ages 2-18 (n=3778), 2-3 (n=497), 4-8 (n=899), 9-13 (n=1047), 14-18 (n=1335).
NHANES 2003-2004: Sample size by group by group: Ages 2-18 (n=3553), 2-3 (n=424), 4-8 (n=781), 9-13 (n=1001), 14-18 (n=1347).
SE: Standard Error.
a: Energy mean intake (kcal) by group: Ages 2-18 (2027), 2-3 (1471), 4-8 (1802), 9-13 (2035), 14-18 (2427).
b: Includes cakes, cookies, donuts, pies, crisps, cobblers, granola bars.
c: Includes sodas, energy drinks, sports drinks, and sweetened bottled water including vitamin water.
d: Includes chicken and chicken mixed dishes.
e: Excludes orange and grapefruit juice.
f: Includes pasta and pasta dishes.
g: Solid fats mean intake (kcal) by group: Ages 2-18 (433), 2-3 (350), 4-8 (401), 9-13 (450), 14-18 (476).
h: Includes sausage, franks, bacon, and ribs.
i: Added sugars mean intake (kcal) by group: Ages 2-18 (365), 2-3 (197), 4-8 (329), 9-13 (381), 14-18 (444).

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013