National Cancer Institute Home at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov

Table 2. Mean intake & major sources of energy, solid fats & added sugars among children & adolescents in the United States (2-18 years old), by Race/Ethnicity & Family Income

  Top five sources
Groupa #1 % Mean (kcal) SE #2 % Mean (kcal) SE #3 % Mean (kcal) SE #4 % Mean (kcal) SE #5 % Mean (kcal) SE
Energyb
NHW Grain dessertsc 7.2 152 9.3 Pizza 7.0 148 12.8 Sodad 6.4 134 13.4 Yeast breads 6.1 129 10.5 Chickene 5.2 109 11.3
NHB Chickene 8.4 163 13.8 Grain dessertsc 6.3 123 9.3 Pizza 6.1 119 8.6 Fruit drinks 5.1 100 13.8 Pastaf 4.7 90 11.2
Mex-Am Mexican dishes 7.1 136 8.5 Grain dessertsc 5.9 114 10.8 Pizza 5.5 105 19.2 Whole milk 5.1 99 8.3 Sodad 4.8 92 4.6
<=130% Grain dessertsc 6.1 117 9.4 Chickene 6.0 116 13.7 Pizza 5.9 114 9.6 Sodad 5.3 101 12.8 Yeast breads 5.1 99 4.7
131-185% Pizza 10.1 203 62.7 Sodad 7.0 142 48.6 Grain desserts 6.9 138 13.4 Yeast breads 6.5 131 32.7 Pastaf 5.2 104 19.0
>=186% Grain dessertsc 7.1 148 9.2 Pizza 6.5 135 12.4 Sodad 5.9 122 7.8 Yeast breads 5.7 119 7.7 Chickene 5.5 114 9.0
Solid Fatsg
NHW Pizza 13.0 57 5.3 Grain dessertsc 9.4 41 3.5 Regular cheese 8.9 39 4.1 Reduced fat milk 7.2 32 3.4 Whole milk 6.7 30 4.0
NHB Pizza 11.4 49 3.2 Grain dessertsc 10.4 45 4.1 Fatty meatsh 10.1 44 7.5 Whole milk 8.8 38 3.0 Fried potatoes 6.2 27 1.7
Mex-Am Whole milk 12.0 52 4.5 Grain dessertsc 10.6 45 3.2 Mexican dishes 9.8 42 5.9 Pizza 8.3 36 3.9 Regular cheese 7.1 31 4.1
<=130% Whole milk 12.7 56 5.1 Pizza 10.0 44 6.9 Grain dessertsc 9.7 43 3.0 Fatty meatsh 8.4 37 5.2 Regular cheese 7.1 31 2.7
131-185% Pizza 13.7 59 13.8 Regular cheese 10.5 46 16.7 Whole milk 9.0 39 8.8 Grain dessertsc 8.5 37 2.9 Fried potatoes 8.4 36 10.4
>=186% Pizza 12.2 52 5.7 Grain dessertsc 10.2 43 3.3 Regular cheese 7.9 34 2.2 Reduced fat milk 6.3 27 3.2 Pastaf 6.3 27 3.5
Added Sugarsi
NHW Sodad 34.7 130 8.8 Fruit drinks 12.2 46 4.3 Grain dessertsc 10.3 39 3.2 Dairy desserts 8.4 31 4.7 Cold cereals 6.5 24 2.1
NHB Fruit drinks 24.3 89 3.9 Sodad 21.8 80 6.5 Grain dessertsc 12.1 45 3.7 Candy 9.4 35 4.9 Dairy desserts 7.2 26 4.4
Mex-Am Sodad 31.5 111 14.0 Fruit drinks 19.0 67 6.1 Grain dessertsc 11.5 40 3.0 Candy 6.1 21 2.0 Dairy desserts 5.8 20 2.4
<=130% Sodad 30.4 110 6.0 Fruit drinks 15.0 54 4.2 Grain dessertsc 11.4 41 4.2 Cold cereals 7.7 28 2.9 Dairy desserts 7.3 27 3.4
131-185% Sodad 32.7 110 8.7 Grain dessertsc 12.3 41 4.9 Fruit drinks 11.9 40 6.8 Cold cereals 8.0 27 3.8 Dairy desserts 7.2 24 3.4
>=186% Sodad 32.6 122 9.2 Fruit drinks 15.5 58 4.4 Grain dessertsc 10.2 38 2.3 Dairy desserts 8.5 32 4.7 Candy 6.8 25 3.1
Data Source: Energy data from NHANES 2005-2006, Solid Fats and Added Sugars data from NHANES 2003-2004.
NHANES 2005-2006: Sample size by group by group: Non-Hispanic Whites (n=1018), Non-Hispanic Blacks (n=1161), Mexican-Americans (n=1253), ≤ 130% POV (n=1457), 131-185% POV (n=451), ≥186% POV (n=1707).
NHANES 2003-2004: Sample size by group by group: Non-Hispanic Whites (n=980), Non-Hispanic Blacks (n=1229), Mexican-Americans (n=1062), ≤ 130% POV (n=1536), 131-185% POV (n=465), ≥186% POV (n=1401).
SE: Standard Error.
a: Race/Ethnicity groups being reported are: Non-Hispanic Whites (NHW), Non-Hispanic Blacks (NHB), and Mexican-Americans (Mex-Am). Family Income groups being reported on are: families with incomes at or below 130% of the poverty level, those between 131-185% of the poverty level, and those at or above 186% of poverty level.
b: Energy mean intake (kcal) by group: Non-Hispanic Whites (2101), Non-Hispanic Blacks (1941), Mexican-Americans (1930), ≤ 130% POV (1923), 131-185% POV (2009), ≥186% POV (2087).
c: Includes cakes, cookies, donuts, pies, crisps, cobblers, granola bars.
d: Includes sodas, energy drinks, sports drinks, and sweetened bottled water including vitamin water.
e: Includes chicken and chicken mixed dishes.
f: Includes pasta and pasta dishes.
g: Solid fats mean intake (kcal) by group: Non-Hispanic Whites (442), Non-Hispanic Blacks (433), Mexican-Americans (430), ≤ 130% POV (444), 131-185% POV (433), ≥186% POV (425).
h: Includes sausage, franks, bacon, and ribs.
i: Added sugars mean intake (kcal) by group: Non-Hispanic Whites (376), Non-Hispanic Blacks (368), Mexican-Americans (351), ≤ 130% POV (361), 131-185% POV (336), ≥186% POV (374).

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013