National Cancer Institute Home at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov

Table 1b. Mean Intake of Carbohydrates & Mean Contribution of Various Foods among US Children & Adolescents, by Age, NHANES 2005–06

  All Persons, 2-18 years Age Group (years)
2-3 years 4-8 9-13 14-18
Sample Size 3778 497 899 1047 1335
Mean Intake of Carbohydrates (gm) 271 205 246 270 318
Ranka Food Groupb, c gm
1 Soda/energy/sports drinks 30.0 5.8 12.6 26.8 57.6
2 Grain-based desserts 20.8 10.2 20.7 22.4 23.4
3 Yeast breads 20.4 11.8 17.3 19.8 27.0
4 Pizza 14.7 5.0 10.1 13.5 23.5
5 Ready-to-eat cereals 14.2 12.5 16.7 13.3 13.4
6 Fruit drinks 14.0 11.8 12.9 13.0 16.7
7 Pasta and pasta dishes 11.9 11.2 12.7 13.5 9.8
8 Dairy desserts 11.5 6.6 14.8 12.4 9.3
9 Candy 10.4 8.0 9.9 10.7 11.6
10 Reduced fat milk 9.4 9.9 10.9 10.2 7.2
11 100% fruit juice, not orange/grapefruit 8.7 23.2 10.5 5.2 5.2
12 Potato/corn/other chips 7.8 3.9 6.5 8.2 10.1
13 Mexican mixed dishes 7.4 3.3 5.2 9.1 9.4
14 Fried white potatoes 6.3 4.3 5.2 6.0 8.2
15 Whole milk 5.7 9.1 7.2 4.4 4.3
16 Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 5.4 2.7 4.5 5.8 6.9
19 Pancakes/waffles/French toast 4.3 3.2 4.3 6.3 2.8
20 Crackers 3.8 5.6 4.6 3.4 2.9
21 Syrups/toppings 3.7 1.6 5.2 4.1 2.8
23 Bananas 2.7 4.3 3.5 1.8 2.3
a: Rank for persons 2-18 years old only. Columns for other age groups are ordered by this ranking. The top five food groups for each age group are bolded.
b: Specific foods contributing at least 2% of carbohydrates for persons 2-18 years old in descending order are listed. Specific foods contributing at least 2% of carbohydrates for any given subgroup are then also listed in italics.
c: Specific foods contributing at least 1% of carbohydrates for persons 2-18 years old in descending order: rice and rice mixed dishes, 100% orange/grapefruit juice, pancakes/waffles/French toast, crackers, syrups/toppings, apples/pears, bananas, quick breads.

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013