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Table 4a. Mean Intake of Carbohydrates & Percentage Contribution of Various Foods Among US Children & Adolescents, by Race/Ethnicity & Family Income, NHANES 2005–06

  All Persons, 2-18 years Race/Ethnicity Family Income
Non-Hispanic Whites Non-Hispanic Blacks Mexican-Americans ≤ 130% Poverty 131-185% Poverty ≥ 186% Poverty
Sample Size 3778 1018 1161 1253 1457 451 1707
Mean Intake of Carbohydrates (gm) 271 281 253 261 254 274 279
Ranka Food Groupb, c %
1 Soda/energy/sports drinks 11.1 12.2 7.8 9.0 10.1 13.2 11.2
2 Grain-based desserts 7.7 8.3 7.2 6.5 6.9 7.6 8.1
3 Yeast breads 7.5 8.2 6.3 5.9 7.0 8.4 7.7
4 Pizza 5.4 5.7 5.0 4.4 4.9 8.0 5.2
5 Ready-to-eat cereals 5.2 5.1 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.0 5.1
6 Fruit drinks 5.2 4.2 10.1 5.8 6.2 5.4 4.7
7 Pasta and pasta dishes 4.4 4.7 4.4 2.7 3.2 4.9 4.7
8 Dairy desserts 4.2 4.8 3.3 2.9 2.7 3.2 5.0
9 Candy 3.9 3.8 4.5 3.0 3.7 4.2 4.0
10 Reduced fat milk 3.5 3.9 2.3 3.7 3.1 2.6 3.8
11 100% fruit juice, not orange/grapefruit 3.2 3.1 4.0 3.2 3.8 3.6 3.0
12 Potato/corn/other chips 2.9 2.6 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.5 2.6
13 Mexican mixed dishes 2.7 2.1 1.0 7.4 3.4 2.5 2.4
14 Fried white potatoes 2.3 2.1 3.1 1.9 2.2 2.0 2.4
15 Whole milk 2.1 1.5 2.7 3.5 3.0 2.9 1.6
16 Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 2.0 2.0 2.9 1.5 2.1 1.7 2.0
17 Rice and rice mixed dishes 1.6 1.0 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.1 1.5
18 100% orange/grapefruit juice 1.6 1.2 2.1 2.9 2.2 1.2 1.3
19 Pancakes/waffles/French toast 1.6 1.8 1.0 1.4 0.9 0.9 2.0
26 Soups 0.9 0.6 1.0 2.4 1.8 0.7 0.6
a: Rank for persons 2-18 years old only. Columns for other age groups are ordered by this ranking. The top five food groups for each age group are bolded.
b: Specific foods contributing at least 2% of carbohydrates for persons 2-18 years old in descending order are listed. Specific foods contributing at least 2% of carbohydrates for any given subgroup are then also listed in italics.
c: Specific foods contributing at least 1% of carbohydrates for persons 2-18 years old in descending order: rice and rice mixed dishes, 100% orange/grapefruit juice, pancakes/waffles/French toast, crackers, syrups/toppings, apples and pears, bananas, quickbreads.

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013