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Table 1a. Mean Intake of Energy and Percentage Contribution of Various Foods Among US Population, by Age, NHANES 2005–06

  All Persons Age Group (years)
2-18 2-3 4-8 9-13 14-18 19+ 19-30 31-50 51-70 71+
Sample Size 8549 3778 497 899 1047 1335 4771 1310 1537 1224 700
Mean Intake of Energy (kcal) 2157 2027 1471 1802 2035 2427 2199 2407 2354 2020 1691
Ranka Food Groupb, c                      
1 Grain-based desserts 6.4 6.8 4.6 7.6 7.1 6.5 6.3 5.3 6.1 6.7 8.3
2 Yeast breads 6.0 5.6 4.4 5.4 5.4 6.2 6.1 5.0 5.4 7.4 8.3
3 Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 5.6 5.6 4.0 5.1 6.0 5.9 5.6 6.4 6.0 4.8 4.0
4 Soda/energy/sports drinks 5.3 5.8 1.5 2.8 5.2 9.3 5.1 7.7 5.1 3.6 1.9
5 Pizza 4.6 6.7 3.2 5.3 6.3 8.8 3.9 5.4 4.6 2.4 1.2
6 Alcoholic beverages 3.8 0.3 - - - 0.7 4.8 5.0 5.7 4.0 2.4
7 Pasta and pasta dishes 3.8 4.5 5.9 5.4 5.0 3.2 3.6 3.8 3.5 3.7 2.9
8 Mexican mixed dishes 3.7 3.1 1.7 2.2 3.8 3.5 3.9 6.1 4.2 2.4 0.5
9 Beef and beef mixed dishes 3.0 2.1 1.3 1.3 2.0 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.3 2.9 3.2
10 Dairy desserts 2.9 3.7 2.7 5.1 4.2 2.6 2.6 2.0 2.5 2.9 4.6
11 Potato/corn/other chips 2.6 3.4 2.5 3.3 3.6 3.6 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.0 1.4
12 Burgers 2.5 2.7 1.0 1.5 2.4 4.1 2.4 2.9 2.5 2.0 1.5
13 Reduced fat milk 2.4 4.2 6.2 5.3 4.5 2.9 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.7 2.9
14 Regular cheese 2.3 2.1 2.2 1.7 2.0 2.5 2.3 2.7 2.2 2.2 2.2
15 Ready-to-eat cereals 2.3 3.2 3.9 4.3 3.0 2.5 2.0 2.1 1.7 2.0 3.4
16 Sausage, franks, bacon, and ribs 2.3 2.3 2.9 2.5 2.6 1.9 2.2 1.9 2.2 2.5 2.3
17 Fried white potatoes 2.2 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.8 2.1 2.6 2.2 1.8 0.9
18 Candy 2.2 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.0 1.8 2.1 2.1 1.5
19 Nuts/seeds and nut/seed mixed dishes 2.0 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.1 2.1 1.2 2.1 3.0 2.5
20 Eggs and egg mixed dishes 1.8 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.9 1.6 1.9 2.2 2.3
21 Rice and rice mixed dishes 1.7 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.0 1.8 2.0 2.1 1.5 1.2
22 Fruit drinks 1.7 2.7 3.1 2.8 2.5 2.7 1.3 1.9 1.4 0.9 0.8
23 Whole milk 1.5 2.9 7.1 4.2 2.1 1.9 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.8 1.3
24 Quickbreads 1.5 1.0 1.1 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.6 1.4 1.4 2.1 1.9
26 Soups 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.3 0.9 0.7 1.3 1.1 0.9 1.8 2.1
28 Other white potatoes 1.2 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.7 2.3
29 Other fish and fish mixed dishes 1.2 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 1.4 0.9 1.3 1.7 2.1
30 Crackers 1.1 1.4 2.6 1.9 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5
a: Rank for all persons only. Columns for other age groups are ordered by this ranking. The top five food groups for each age group are bolded.
b: Specific foods contributing at least 2% of energy for all persons in descending order are listed. Specific foods contributing at least 2% of energy for any given subgroup are then also listed in italics.
c: Specific foods contributing at least 1% of energy for all persons in descending order: eggs and egg mixed dishes, rice and rice mixed dishes, fruit drinks, whole milk, quickbreads, cold cuts, soups, salad dressing, other white potatoes, other fish and fish mixed dishes, crackers, and 100% orange/grapefruit juice.

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013