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Table 4a. Mean Intake of Energy and Percentage Contribution of Various Foods Among US Population, by Race/Ethnicity and Family Income, NHANES 2005–06

  All Persons Race/Ethnicity Family Income
Non-Hispanic Whites Non-Hispanic Blacks Mexican-Americans ≤ 130% Poverty 131-185% Poverty ≥ 186% Poverty
Sample Size 8549 3351 2263 2245 2703 1023 4450
Mean Intake of Energy (kcal) 2157 2198 2095 2109 2107 2070 2189
Ranka Food Groupb, c              
1 Grain-based desserts 6.4 6.6 6.1 6.3 5.6 6.6 6.5
2 Yeast breads 6.0 6.4 5.2 4.0 5.1 6.1 6.2
3 Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 5.6 5.2 8.5 5.0 5.8 5.3 5.6
4 Soda/energy/sports drinks 5.3 5.2 5.5 6.3 6.6 5.8 4.8
5 Pizza 4.6 4.8 3.9 3.6 4.6 5.6 4.4
6 Alcoholic beverages 3.8 4.3 2.8 2.5 2.8 3.0 4.2
7 Pasta and pasta dishes 3.8 4.0 3.9 2.1 3.3 3.7 3.9
8 Mexican mixed dishes 3.7 3.1 1.7 11.4 4.8 4.4 3.3
9 Beef and beef mixed dishes 3.0 2.9 2.6 3.3 3.4 2.7 2.8
10 Dairy desserts 2.9 3.1 2.5 1.7 2.4 2.6 3.0
11 Potato/corn/other chips 2.6 2.4 3.5 2.7 2.9 2.6 2.5
12 Burgers 2.5 2.4 3.0 2.0 2.4 2.0 2.6
13 Reduced fat milk 2.4 2.5 1.5 2.9 2.4 2.5 2.3
14 Regular cheese 2.3 2.5 1.9 1.6 2.0 1.7 2.5
15 Ready-to-eat cereals 2.3 2.4 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3
16 Sausage, franks, bacon, and ribs 2.3 2.2 3.1 2.0 2.3 2.2 2.3
17 Fried white potatoes 2.2 2.1 2.7 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.3
18 Candy 2.2 2.2 2.2 1.6 2.0 2.0 2.3
19 Nuts/seeds and nut/seed mixed dishes 2.0 2.2 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.5 2.2
20 Eggs and egg mixed dishes 1.8 1.7 1.9 2.6 2.0 2.3 1.7
21 Rice and rice mixed dishes 1.7 1.1 2.0 2.1 1.8 2.2 1.6
22 Fruit drinks 1.7 1.2 3.9 2.5 2.5 1.9 1.4
23 Whole milk 1.5 1.2 1.9 3.1 2.6 2.5 1.1
26 Soups 1.2 1.1 0.6 2.4 1.7 1.1 1.1
35 Beans 0.8 0.6 0.6 2.6 1.2 0.8 0.7
a: Rank for all persons only. Columns for other age groups are ordered by this ranking. The top five food groups for each age group are bolded.
b: Specific foods contributing at least 2% of energy for all persons in descending order are listed. Specific foods contributing at least 2% of energy for any given subgroup are then also listed in italics.
c: Specific foods contributing at least 1% of energy for all persons in descending order: eggs and egg mixed dishes, rice and rice mixed dishes, fruit drinks, whole milk, quickbreads, cold cuts, soups, salad dressing, other white potatoes, other fish and fish mixed dishes, crackers, and 100% orange/grapefruit juice.

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013