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Table 4b. Mean Intake of Energy and Mean Contribution (kcal) of Various Foods Among US Population, by Race/Ethnicity and Family Income, NHANES 2005–06

  All Persons Race/Ethnicity Family Income
Non-Hispanic Whites Non-Hispanic Blacks Mexican-Americans ≤ 130% Poverty 131-185% Poverty ≥ 186% Poverty
Sample Size 8549 3351 2263 2245 2703 1023 4450
Mean Intake of Energy (kcal) 2157 2198 2095 2109 2107 2070 2189
Ranka Food Groupb, c              
1 Grain-based desserts 138 145 127 133 117 136 142
2 Yeast breads 129 140 109 85 107 127 137
3 Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 121 115 177 104 122 110 122
4 Soda/energy/sports drinks 114 113 115 132 139 119 105
5 Pizza 98 106 81 77 98 116 97
6 Alcoholic beverages 82 94 59 52 59 62 91
7 Pasta and pasta dishes 81 87 81 44 69 78 86
8 Mexican mixed dishes 80 67 35 240 100 92 72
9 Beef and beef mixed dishes 64 63 55 70 72 55 61
10 Dairy desserts 62 69 51 36 50 54 67
11 Potato/corn/other chips 56 53 74 57 62 53 55
12 Burgers 53 54 63 42 51 41 56
13 Reduced fat milk 51 54 31 60 50 51 51
14 Regular cheese 49 55 40 34 41 36 54
15 Ready-to-eat cereals 49 53 42 46 49 45 50
16 Sausage, franks, bacon, and ribs 49 48 66 41 48 46 50
17 Fried white potatoes 48 47 57 39 42 43 50
18 Candy 47 49 47 34 42 41 50
19 Nuts/seeds and nut/seed mixed dishes 42 49 25 26 29 31 48
20 Eggs and egg mixed dishes 39 37 41 54 43 48 37
21 Rice and rice mixed dishes 36 25 43 43 38 45 35
22 Fruit drinks 36 26 81 52 52 39 31
23 Whole milk 33 27 39 65 56 52 24
26 Soups 26 23 13 51 35 23 24
35 Beans 17 13 14 54 24 16 15
a: Rank for all persons only. Columns for other age groups are ordered by this ranking. The top five food groups for each age group are bolded.
b: Specific foods contributing at least 2% of energy for all persons in descending order are listed. Specific foods contributing at least 2% of energy for any given subgroup are then also listed in italics.
c: Specific foods contributing at least 1% of energy for all persons in descending order: eggs and egg mixed dishes; rice and rice mixed dishes; fruit drinks; whole milk; quickbreads; cold cuts; soups; salad dressing; other white potatoes; other fish and fish mixed dishes; crackers; and 100% orange/grapefruit juice.

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013