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Table 8a. Mean Intake of Energy and Percentage Contribution of Various Foods Among US Children and Adolescents, by Race/Ethnicity and Family Incomes, NHANES 2005–06

  All Persons,
2-18 years
Race/Ethnicity Family Income
Non-Hispanic Whites Non-Hispanic Blacks Mexican-Americans < 130% Poverty 131-185% Poverty > 185% Poverty
Sample Size 3778 1018 1161 1253 1457 451 1707
Mean Intake of Energy (kcal) 2027 2101 1941 1930 1923 2009 2087
Ranka Food Groupb, c              
1 Grain-based desserts 6.8 7.2 6.3 5.9 6.1 6.9 7.1
2 Pizza 6.7 7.0 6.1 5.5 5.9 10.1 6.5
3 Soda/energy/sports drinks 5.8 6.4 4.0 4.8 5.3 7.0 5.9
4 Yeast breads 5.6 6.1 4.6 4.4 5.1 6.5 5.7
5 Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 5.6 5.2 8.4 4.6 6.0 5.1 5.5
6 Pasta and pasta dishes 4.5 4.7 4.7 2.9 3.3 5.2 4.7
7 Reduced fat milk 4.2 4.7 2.7 4.5 3.6 3.3 4.6
8 Dairy desserts 3.7 4.3 2.7 2.5 2.4 3.2 4.3
9 Potato/corn/other chips 3.4 3.1 4.2 4.3 3.9 4.2 3.1
10 Ready-to-eat cereals 3.2 3.2 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.1 3.1
11 Mexican mixed dishes 3.1 2.7 1.4 7.1 3.4 2.6 3.0
12 Whole milk 2.9 2.1 3.7 5.1 4.3 4.1 2.2
13 Candy 2.8 2.8 3.0 2.1 2.6 3.0 2.9
14 Fruit drinks 2.7 2.2 5.1 3.1 3.2 2.9 2.5
15 Burgers 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.2 2.7 2.0 2.8
16 Fried white potatoes 2.5 2.3 3.4 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.7
17 Sausage, franks, bacon, and ribs 2.3 2.2 3.4 1.7 2.5 1.6 2.4
18 Regular cheese 2.1 2.3 2.0 1.7 2.0 1.5 2.3
19 Beef and beef mixed dishes 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.7 1.4 2.0
20 100% fruit juice, not orange/grapefruit 1.7 1.7 2.1 1.8 2.1 2.0 1.6
21 Eggs and egg mixed dishes 1.5 1.3 1.5 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.3
27 Soups 1.0 0.6 0.9 2.8 2.0 0.7 0.6
a: Rank for persons 2-18 years old only. Columns for other age groups are ordered by this ranking. The top five food groups for each age group are bolded.
b: Specific foods contributing at least 2% of energy for all persons 2-18 years old in descending order are listed. Specific foods contributing at least 2% of energy for any given subgroup are then also listed in italics.
c: Specific foods contributing at least 1% of energy for all persons 2-18 years old in descending order: 100% fruit juice, not orange/grapefruit; eggs and egg mixed dishes; pancakes/waffles/French toast; crackers; nuts/seeds and nut/seed mixed dishes; cold cuts; rice and rice mixed dishes; soups; and quickbreads.

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013