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Table 8b. Mean Intake of Energy and Mean Contribution (kcal) of Various Foods Among US Children and Adolescents, by Race/Ethnicity and Family Incomes, NHANES 2005–06

  All Persons,
2-18 years
Race/Ethnicity Family Income
Non-Hispanic Whites Non-Hispanic Blacks Mexican-Americans < 130% Poverty 131-185% Poverty > 185% Poverty
Sample Size 3778 1018 1161 1253 1457 451 1707
Mean Intake of Energy (kcal) 2027 2101 1941 1930 1923 2009 2087
Ranka Food Groupb, c              
1 Grain-based desserts 138 152 123 114 117 138 148
2 Pizza 136 148 119 105 114 203 135
3 Soda/energy/sports drinks 118 134 77 92 101 142 122
4 Yeast breads 114 129 90 85 99 131 119
5 Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 113 109 163 88 116 103 114
6 Pasta and pasta dishes 91 100 90 56 64 104 98
7 Reduced fat milk 86 99 53 86 70 67 97
8 Dairy desserts 76 91 53 49 47 65 90
9 Potato/corn/other chips 70 65 82 84 76 84 65
10 Ready-to-eat cereals 65 66 67 72 67 63 65
11 Mexican mixed dishes 63 56 27 136 66 52 63
12 Whole milk 60 44 71 99 83 83 46
13 Candy 56 59 58 41 50 61 60
14 Fruit drinks 55 46 100 59 62 59 52
15 Burgers 55 58 56 43 51 40 59
16 Fried white potatoes 52 49 66 42 47 46 56
17 Sausage, franks, bacon, and ribs 47 47 66 32 48 31 51
18 Regular cheese 43 48 39 32 38 30 48
19 Beef and beef mixed dishes 43 41 43 40 51 28 41
20 100% fruit juice, not orange/grapefruit 35 35 41 34 39 39 34
21 Eggs and egg mixed dishes 30 28 29 42 34 33 28
27 Soups 20 13 18 53 38 15 12
a: Rank for persons 2-18 years old only. Columns for other age groups are ordered by this ranking. The top five food groups for each age group are bolded.
b: Specific foods contributing at least 2% of energy for all persons 2-18 years old in descending order are listed. Specific foods contributing at least 2% of energy for any given subgroup are then also listed in italics.
c: Specific foods contributing at least 1% of energy for all persons 2-18 years old in descending order: 100% fruit juice, not orange/grapefruit; eggs and egg mixed dishes; Pancakes/waffles/French toast; crackers; nuts/seeds and nut/seed mixed dishes; cold cuts; rice and rice mixed dishes; soups; and quickbreads.

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013