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Table 12a. Mean Intake of Energy and Percentage Contribution of Various Foods Among US Adults, by Race/Ethnicity and Family Incomes, NHANES 2005–06

  All Persons,
19 or older
Race/Ethnicity Family Income
Non-Hispanic Whites Non-Hispanic Blacks Mexican-American < 130% Poverty 131-185% Poverty > 185% Poverty
Sample Size 4771 2333 1102 992 1246 572 2743
Mean Intake of Energy (kcal) 2199 2224 2157 2206 2199 2092 2218
Ranka Food Groupb, c              
1 Grain-based desserts 6.3 6.4 6.0 6.5 5.4 6.5 6.3
2 Yeast breads 6.1 6.4 5.4 3.8 5.1 6.0 6.4
3 Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 5.6 5.2 8.5 5.1 5.7 5.4 5.6
4 Soda/energy/sports drinks 5.1 4.8 6.1 7.0 7.2 5.3 4.5
5 Alcoholic beverages 4.8 5.3 3.8 3.5 3.9 4.0 5.2
6 Pizza 3.9 4.2 3.1 2.8 4.1 4.1 3.9
7 Mexican mixed dishes 3.9 3.2 1.8 13.4 5.3 5.1 3.3
8 Pasta and pasta dishes 3.6 3.8 3.6 1.7 3.3 3.3 3.7
9 Beef and beef mixed dishes 3.2 3.1 2.8 3.9 3.7 3.1 3.0
10 Dairy desserts 2.6 2.8 2.3 1.3 2.3 2.4 2.7
11 Burgers 2.4 2.4 3.1 1.9 2.3 2.0 2.5
12 Regular cheese 2.3 2.6 1.9 1.6 2.0 1.8 2.5
13 Potato/corn/other chips 2.3 2.2 3.3 1.9 2.5 2.0 2.3
14 Sausage, franks, bacon, and ribs 2.2 2.2 3.0 2.1 2.2 2.5 2.2
15 Nuts/seeds and nut/seed mixed dishes 2.1 2.4 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.7 2.4
16 Fried white potatoes 2.1 2.1 2.5 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.2
17 Ready-to-eat cereals 2.0 2.2 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.9 2.0
18 Candy 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.4 1.7 1.6 2.1
19 Eggs and egg mixed dishes 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.7 2.2 2.6 1.8
20 Rice and rice mixed dishes 1.8 1.2 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.6 1.7
21 Reduced fat milk 1.8 1.9 1.0 2.1 1.8 2.2 1.7
24 Fruit drinks 1.3 0.9 3.4 2.2 2.1 1.6 1.1
27 Soups 1.3 1.2 0.5 2.3 1.5 1.2 1.2
29 Whole milk 1.1 1.0 1.2 2.1 1.9 1.9 0.8
33 Beans 0.9 0.7 0.7 3.1 1.4 0.9 0.7
a: Rank for persons 19 years or older only. Columns for other age groups are ordered by this ranking. The top five food groups for each age group are bolded.
b: Specific foods contributing at least 2% of energy for all persons 19 or older in descending order are listed. Specific foods contributing at least 2% of energy for any given subgroup are then also listed in italics.
c: Specific foods contributing at least 1% of energy for all persons 19 or older in descending order: eggs and egg mixed dishes, rice and rice mixed dishes, reduced fat milk, quickbreads, other fish and fish mixed dishes, fruit drinks, salad dressing, other white potatoes, soups, cold cuts, whole milk, crackers, 100% orange/grapefruit juice, and pork and pork mixed dishes.

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013