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Table 12b. Mean Intake of Energy and Mean Contribution (kcal) of Various Foods Among US Adults, by Race/Ethnicity and Family Incomes, NHANES 2005–06

  All Persons,
19 or older
Race/Ethnicity Family Income
Non-Hispanic Whites Non-Hispanic Blacks Mexican-Americans < 130% Poverty 131-185% Poverty > 185% Poverty
Sample Size 4771 2333 1102 992 1246 572 2743
Mean Intake of Energy (kcal) 2199 2224 2157 2206 2199 2092 2218
Ranka Food Groupb, c              
1 Grain-based desserts 138 143 129 143 118 136 141
2 Yeast breads 134 143 116 85 111 125 142
3 Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 123 116 183 113 125 112 125
4 Soda/energy/sports drinks 112 108 131 154 158 111 100
5 Alcoholic beverages 106 117 82 78 86 84 114
6 Pizza 86 94 66 62 89 85 87
7 Mexican mixed dishes 85 70 38 296 117 106 74
8 Pasta and pasta dishes 78 84 77 38 72 68 82
9 Beef and beef mixed dishes 71 69 60 86 82 65 67
10 Dairy desserts 58 63 51 28 51 50 60
11 Burgers 53 53 66 41 50 42 56
12 Regular cheese 51 57 41 35 43 38 56
13 Potato/corn/other chips 51 50 70 42 55 42 52
14 Sausage, franks, bacon, and ribs 49 48 66 46 48 52 50
15 Nuts/seeds and nut/seed mixed dishes 47 52 31 31 35 35 52
16 Fried white potatoes 46 46 53 37 40 42 48
17 Ready-to-eat cereals 44 49 32 32 40 39 45
18 Candy 44 46 43 30 38 34 47
19 Eggs and egg mixed dishes 42 39 46 61 47 53 40
20 Rice and rice mixed dishes 41 27 49 50 44 55 39
21 Reduced fat milk 39 42 21 47 40 45 38
24 Fruit drinks 29 20 74 49 47 32 25
27 Soups 28 26 11 50 34 26 27
29 Whole milk 25 23 26 47 42 40 18
33 Beans 19 15 16 68 31 18 16
a: Rank for persons 19 years or older only. Columns for other age groups are ordered by this ranking. The top five food groups for each age group are bolded.
b: Specific foods contributing at least 2% of energy for all persons 19 or older in descending order are listed. Specific foods contributing at least 2% of energy for any given subgroup are then also listed in italics.
c: Specific foods contributing at least 1% of energy for all persons 19 or older in descending order: eggs and egg mixed dishes; rice and rice mixed dishes; reduced fat milk; quickbreads; other fish and fish mixed dishes; fruit drinks; salad dressing; other white potatoes; soups; cold cuts; whole milk; crackers; 100% orange/grapefruit juice; and pork and pork mixed dishes.

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013