National Cancer Institute Home at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov

Table 4a. Mean Intake of Dietary Fiber & Percentage Contribution of Various Foods among US Children & Adolescents, by Race/Ethnicity & Family Income, NHANES 2005–06

  All Persons, 2-18 years Race/Ethnicity Family Income
Non-Hispanic Whites Non-Hispanic Blacks Mexican-Americans ≤ 130% Poverty 131-185% Poverty ≥ 186% Poverty
Sample Size 3778 1018 1161 1253 1457 451 1707
Mean Intake of Dietary Fiber (gm) 13 13 11 14 12 12 13
Ranka Food Groupb, c %
1 Yeast breads 8.4 9.2 7.3 6.1 8.0 9.4 8.5
2 Mexican mixed dishes 7.3 6.6 2.2 15.2 7.4 6.0 7.2
3 Pasta and pasta dishes 7.0 7.6 7.3 4.3 5.3 8.3 7.4
4 Pizza 6.1 6.4 6.1 4.2 5.5 9.4 5.8
5 Ready-to-eat cereals 5.8 6.1 5.7 5.7 5.8 4.3 6.0
6 Grain-based desserts 4.7 5.2 5.0 3.4 4.0 4.8 5.1
7 Fried white potatoes 4.5 4.3 6.7 3.3 4.3 4.1 4.7
8 Potato/corn/other chips 4.5 4.1 6.2 4.6 5.3 5.9 4.0
9 Apples and pears 4.0 3.9 3.4 4.9 4.4 3.3 4.0
10 Beans 2.9 1.8 2.9 7.8 3.8 2.7 2.5
11 Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 2.8 2.9 3.9 1.8 2.8 2.4 2.9
12 Nuts/seeds and nut/seed mixed dishes 2.5 3.0 1.7 1.4 1.6 2.0 3.0
13 Bananas 2.4 2.3 1.6 3.3 2.7 3.0 2.1
14 Dairy desserts 2.2 2.6 1.7 1.5 1.5 2.2 2.5
15 Popcorn 1.8 1.9 2.4 1.3 1.8 1.2 1.9
16 Pancakes/waffles/French toast 1.8 2.0 1.1 1.4 1.0 1.0 2.2
17 Other white potatoes 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.2 1.9 2.9 1.4
21 Soups 1.2 0.8 1.1 3.0 2.6 1.0 0.6
23 Citrus fruits 1.2 0.7 1.6 2.1 2.0 0.7 0.9
a: Rank for persons 2-18 year olds only. Columns for other age groups are ordered by this ranking. The top five food groups for each age group are bolded.
b: Specific foods contributing at least 2% of dietary fiber for persons 2-18 year olds in descending order are listed. Specific foods contributing at least 2% of dietary fiber for any given subgroup are then also listed in italics.
c: Specific foods contributing at least 1% of dietary fiber for persons 2-18 year olds in descending order: popcorn, pancakes/waffles/French toast, other white potatoes, burgers, other fruit and fruit salad, candy, soups, beef and beef mixed dishes, citrus fruits, condiments, rice and rice mixed dishes, crackers, whole milk.

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013