National Cancer Institute Home at the National Institutes of Health |
Please wait while this form is being loaded....
The Applied Research Program Web site is no longer maintained. ARP's former staff have moved to the new Healthcare Delivery Research Program, the Behavioral Research Program, or the Epidemiology & Genomics Research Program, and the content from this Web site is being moved to one of those sites as appropriate. Please update your links and bookmarks!

Sources of Food Group Intakes among the US Population, 2003–04


The purpose of this research was to identify the contributions of specific foods and subgroups to food group intakes among the US population.

[Return to Top]


We used the 2003-04 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to determine the weighted population contribution of each subgroup to its MyPyramid food group and the contribution of specific foods to intakes of whole fruit, fruit juice, dark green vegetables, orange vegetables, legumes, starchy vegetables, other vegetables, whole grains, non-whole grains, meat, poultry, fish, eggs, soy, nuts, seeds, milk, cheese, oils, solid fats, and added sugars.

The dietary intake data collected in the survey were catalogued according to discrete food codes. For this analysis, food codes representing similar foods -- such as the various types of pasta dishes -- were combined to provide an indication of the contribution of distinct food items to intake of the dietary components being studied. That is, the food codes were sorted into 96 mutually exclusive food categories, termed specific foods.

[Return to Top]


[Return to Top]


[Return to Top]

Key Findings

Children and adolescents do not consume fruits, vegetables, and grains in the proportions that are recommended. They eat more fruit juice, starchy vegetables, other vegetables, and non-whole grains -- and less whole fruit, dark green vegetables, orange vegetables, legumes and whole grains -- than recommended.

Americans do not, in general, consume the most nutrient-dense forms of basic foods groups, instead consuming foods that are high in solid fats and added sugars. The main culprits are soda and other sugar sweetened beverages, pizza, grain-based desserts, non-skim dairy products, and fatty meats.

[Return to Top]

Suggested Citation

Suggested citation for information contained on this page:

Sources of Food Group Intakes among the US Population, 2003–04. Applied Research Program Web site. National Cancer Institute. Updated October 18, 2013. Accessed May 2, 2016.

[Return to Top]

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013