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Table 1a. Mean Intake of Potassium, Mean Intake of Energy, and Percentage Potassium Contribution of Various Foods Among US Population, by Age, NHANES 2005–06

  All Persons Age Group (years)
2-18 2-3 4-8 9-13 14-18 19+ 19-30 31-50 51-70 71+
Sample Size 8549 3778 497 899 1047 1335 4771 1310 1537 1224 700
Mean Intake of Potassium (mg) 2617 2208 2038 2064 2184 2423 2749 2593 2889 2784 2482
Mean Intake of Energy (kcal) 2157 2027 1471 1802 2035 2427 2199 2407 2354 2020 1691
Ranka Food Groupb,c                      
1 Reduced fat milk 5.9 11.5 13.0 13.2 12.6 8.8 4.4 5.1 4.0 3.9 6.1
2 Coffee 5.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.7 6.4 2.3 6.9 8.3 7.5
3 Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 4.5 4.8 2.8 4.1 5.2 5.5 4.5 5.4 4.9 3.8 2.9
4 Beef and beef mixed dishes 3.6 2.7 1.4 1.5 2.6 4.0 3.8 4.5 4.0 3.2 3.6
5 100% orange/grapefruit juice 3.4 3.4 2.5 2.9 3.4 4.2 3.4 4.1 2.8 3.4 4.6
6 Fried white potatoes 3.3 4.2 3.0 3.8 4.0 5.0 3.1 4.3 3.3 2.6 1.2
7 Potato/corn/other chips 3.2 4.1 2.9 3.6 3.9 5.1 2.9 3.6 3.3 2.3 1.8
8 Whole milk 2.9 6.1 11.8 8.4 4.3 4.2 2.1 2.7 2.3 1.4 2.1
9 Other white potatoes 2.9 2.0 1.6 1.5 2.1 2.5 3.1 2.8 2.6 3.4 4.7
10 Pasta and pasta dishes 2.7 3.8 4.3 3.8 4.5 3.0 2.5 2.9 2.4 2.5 1.6
11 Mexican mixed dishes 2.6 2.5 1.0 1.8 2.9 3.0 2.6 4.9 2.9 1.5 0.4
12 Pizza 2.6 4.0 1.5 3.0 3.9 5.7 2.2 3.4 2.6 1.2 0.7
13 Dairy desserts 2.5 3.4 2.0 4.4 3.7 2.8 2.3 1.9 2.2 2.2 3.4
14 Yeast breads 2.4 2.3 1.5 2.1 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.1 2.0 2.8 3.0
15 Skim milk 2.2 2.2 3.4 2.2 2.6 1.5 2.2 2.3 1.9 2.3 2.9
16 Soups 2.2 1.3 1.8 1.7 1.2 0.9 2.4 2.2 1.8 3.2 3.5
17 Bananas 2.1 1.9 3.3 2.6 1.3 1.5 2.2 0.9 1.8 3.1 3.7
18 Tea 2.1 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.5 1.3 2.5 2.0 2.2 3.4 1.9
19 Burgers 1.9 2.3 0.7 1.2 2.0 3.9 1.9 2.7 1.9 1.5 1.0
20 Alcoholic beverages 1.9 0.1 - - - 0.4 2.4 2.8 2.9 1.8 1.0
21 100% fruit juice, not orange/grapefruit 1.9 4.0 11.6 5.2 2.5 2.1 1.4 1.9 1.3 1.1 1.1
22 Nuts/seeds and nut/seed mixed dishes 1.8 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.2 2.0 1.3 2.0 2.4 1.9
23 Grain-based desserts 1.8 2.1 1.1 2.2 2.3 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 2.0
24 Cold cuts 1.8 1.7 1.2 1.3 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.8 2.0 1.5 1.6
25 Other fish and fish mixed dishes 1.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 1.8 1.3 1.9 2.0 2.3
27 Ready-to-eat cereals 1.5 1.7 1.8 2.1 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.5 2.4
28 Beans 1.5 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.4 0.9 1.6 1.5 1.6 2.0 1.1
29 Condiments 1.5 1.6 1.0 1.3 2.0 1.8 1.4 1.8 1.6 1.2 0.7
36 Yogurt 0.9 1.0 2.2 1.2 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.7
a: Rank for all persons only. Columns for other age groups are ordered by this ranking. The top five food groups for each age group are bolded.
b: Specific foods contributing at least 2% of potassium for all persons in descending order are listed. Specific foods contributing at least 2% of potassium for any given subgroup are then also listed in italics.
c: Specific foods contributing at least 1% of potassium for all persons in descending order: burgers; alcoholic beverages; 100% fruit juice, not orange/grapefruit; nuts/seeds and nut/seed mixed dishes; grain-based desserts; cold cuts; other fish and fish mixed dishes; sausage, franks, bacon, and ribs; ready-to-eat cereals; beans; condiments; eggs and egg mixed dishes; pork and pork mixed dishes; tomatoes; lettuce; vegetable medleys and other vegetables; rice and rice mixed dishes.

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013