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Table 4a. Mean Intake of Potassium, Mean Intake of Energy, and Percentage Potassium Contribution of Various Foods Among US Population, by Race/Ethnicity and Family Income, NHANES 2005–06

  All Persons Race/Ethnicity Family Income
Non-Hispanic Whites Non-Hispanic Blacks Mexican-Americans ≤ 130% Poverty 131-185% Poverty ≥ 186% Poverty
Sample Size 8549 3351 2263 2245 2703 1023 4450
Mean Intake of Potassium (mg) 2617 2703 2256 2595 2486 2541 2669
Mean Intake of Energy (kcal) 2157 2198 2095 2109 2107 2070 2189
Ranka Food Groupb,c              
1 Reduced fat milk 5.9 6.1 6.1 6.8 5.9 6.0 5.8
2 Coffee 5.2 6.0 6.0 2.5 3.7 4.3 5.7
3 Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 4.5 4.3 4.3 3.9 4.6 4.1 4.6
4 Beef and beef mixed dishes 3.6 3.4 3.4 4.2 4.3 3.6 3.3
5 100% orange/grapefruit juice 3.4 3.0 3.0 4.2 4.2 3.2 3.2
6 Fried white potatoes 3.3 3.2 3.2 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.4
7 Potato/corn/other chips 3.2 2.9 2.9 2.4 3.5 3.7 3.1
8 Whole milk 2.9 2.3 2.3 5.8 5.2 4.7 2.1
9 Other white potatoes 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.1 2.6 3.0 2.9
10 Pasta and pasta dishes 2.7 2.8 2.8 1.7 2.5 2.9 2.8
11 Mexican mixed dishes 2.6 2.2 2.2 7.2 3.3 3.0 2.4
12 Pizza 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.0 2.6 3.1 2.5
13 Dairy desserts 2.5 2.7 2.7 1.4 2.1 2.3 2.6
14 Yeast breads 2.4 2.5 2.5 1.5 2.0 2.4 2.5
15 Skim milk 2.2 2.8 2.8 1.0 1.6 1.7 2.4
16 Soups 2.2 1.9 1.9 4.3 2.8 2.0 2.0
17 Bananas 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.6 2.2 2.2 2.1
18 Tea 2.1 2.4 2.4 1.0 1.9 1.8 2.2
19 Burgers 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.6 2.0 1.5 2.0
20 Alcoholic beverages 1.9 2.2 2.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 2.2
21 100% fruit juice, not orange/grapefruit 1.9 1.6 1.6 2.3 2.6 2.9 1.6
22 Nuts/seeds and nut/seed mixed dishes 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.2 1.4 1.4 2.0
24 Cold cuts 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.0 1.4 2.1 1.9
25 Other fish and fish mixed dishes 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.5
26 Sausage, franks, bacon, and ribs 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.6
28 Beans 1.5 1.1 1.1 4.7 2.3 1.5 1.3
29 Condiments 1.5 1.4 1.4 2.2 1.4 1.3 1.5
30 Eggs and egg mixed dishes 1.4 1.2 1.2 2.0 1.6 1.7 1.3
31 Pork and pork mixed dishes 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 2.2 1.2
39 Fruit drinks 0.8 0.6 0.6 1.1 1.2 0.9 0.7
a: Rank for all persons only. Columns for other age groups are ordered by this ranking. The top five food groups for each age group are bolded.
b: Specific foods contributing at least 2% of potassium for all persons in descending order are listed. Specific foods contributing at least 2% of potassium for any given subgroup are then also listed in italics.
c: Specific foods contributing at least 1% of potassium for all persons in descending order: burgers; alcoholic beverages; 100% fruit juice, not orange/grapefruit; nuts/seeds and nut/seed mixed dishes; grain-based desserts; cold cuts; other fish and fish mixed dishes; sausage, franks, bacon, and ribs; ready-to-eat cereals; beans; condiments; eggs and egg mixed dishes; pork and pork mixed dishes; tomatoes; lettuce; vegetable medleys and other vegetables; rice and rice mixed dishes.

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013