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Table 1a. Mean Intake of Sodium, Mean Intake of Energy, and Percentage Sodium Contribution of Various Foods Among US Population, by Age, NHANES 2005–06

  All Persons Age Group (years)
2-18 2-3 4-8 9-13 14-18 19+ 19-30 31-50 51-70 71+
Sample Size 8549 3778 497 899 1047 1335 4771 1310 1537 1224 700
Mean Intake of Sodium (mg) 3436 3129 2144 2694 3227 3793 3535 3814 3781 3306 2686
Mean Intake of Energy (kcal) 2157 2027 1471 1802 2035 2427 2199 2407 2354 2020 1691
Ranka Food Groupb,c                      
1 Yeast breads 7.3 7.2 6.1 7.4 6.8 7.6 7.3 5.9 6.5 8.8 10.6
2 Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 6.8 7.4 5.1 6.8 7.3 8.3 6.6 7.6 7.1 5.5 4.6
3 Pizza 6.3 9.4 4.7 7.6 8.7 12.1 5.4 7.5 6.4 3.3 1.9
4 Pasta and pasta dishes 5.1 6.7 9.8 8.3 7.0 4.8 4.6 5.3 4.3 4.7 3.9
5 Cold cuts 4.5 4.3 3.9 3.8 4.4 4.6 4.6 3.9 5.3 4.0 4.8
6 Condiments 4.4 4.1 3.4 3.4 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.9 4.1 3.0
7 Mexican mixed dishes 4.1 3.8 2.1 2.7 4.5 4.2 4.2 6.8 4.7 2.4 0.5
8 Sausage, franks, bacon, and ribs 4.1 4.6 6.2 4.9 5.1 3.6 4.0 3.4 3.8 4.6 4.5
9 Regular cheese 3.5 3.5 4.1 3.2 3.1 3.9 3.5 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.1
10 Grain-based desserts 3.4 3.7 2.5 4.2 3.9 3.5 3.4 2.8 3.3 3.5 4.6
11 Soups 3.3 2.4 3.2 3.0 2.4 1.9 3.6 3.1 2.7 5.1 5.1
12 Beef and beef mixed dishes 3.3 2.5 1.9 1.6 2.8 2.9 3.5 3.9 3.5 3.0 3.6
13 Rice and rice mixed dishes 2.6 1.9 2.1 1.8 2.2 1.6 2.8 3.3 3.1 2.2 1.8
14 Eggs and egg mixed dishes 2.6 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.9 2.4 2.7 2.4 2.7 3.0 2.9
15 Burgers 2.4 2.9 1.1 1.8 2.6 4.2 2.3 2.9 2.6 1.7 1.4
16 Salad dressing 2.4 1.3 0.8 1.3 0.9 1.8 2.7 2.5 3.0 2.7 2.6
17 Ready-to-eat cereals 2.0 3.1 4.4 4.1 2.8 2.5 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.6 3.1
18 Potato/corn/other chips 1.8 2.7 2.2 2.8 2.7 2.7 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.3 0.9
19 Pork and pork mixed dishes 1.8 1.2 1.7 1.5 0.8 1.3 1.9 1.6 1.8 2.2 2.2
20 Quickbreads 1.7 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.5 1.8 1.5 1.6 2.4 2.0
21 Other white potatoes 1.6 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.1 0.9 1.8 1.3 1.4 2.5 3.4
22 Other fish and fish mixed dishes 1.5 0.7 1.1 0.8 0.6 0.6 1.7 1.1 1.8 1.9 2.7
24 Reduced fat milk 1.3 2.3 3.5 3.0 2.5 1.6 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.6
25 Crackers 1.3 1.6 3.0 2.3 1.4 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.7
27 Pancakes/waffles/French toast 1.1 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.7 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.1 1.0
35 Whole milk 0.7 1.3 3.2 1.9 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.6
a: Rank for all persons only. Columns for other age groups are ordered by this ranking. The top five food groups for each age group are bolded.
b: Specific foods contributing at least 2% of sodium for all persons in descending order are listed. Specific foods contributing at least 2% of sodium for any given subgroup are then also listed in italics.
c: Specific foods contributing at least 1% of sodium for all persons in descending order: potato/corn/other chips, pork and pork mixed dishes, quickbreads, other white potatoes, other fish and fish mixed dishes, fried white potatoes, reduced fat milk, crackers, soda/energy/sports drinks, and pancakes/waffles/French toast.

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013