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Table 2a. Mean Intake of Sodium, Mean Intake of Energy, and Percentage Sodium Contribution of Various Foods Among US Males, by Age, NHANES 2005–06

  All Males Age Group (years)
2-18 2-3 4-8 9-13 14-18 19+ 19-30 31-50 51-70 71+
Sample Size 4146 1857 250 431 522 654 2289 549 758 614 368
Mean Intake of Sodium (mg) 4405 3471 2223 2840 3432 4479 4188 4524 4495 3849 3108
Mean Intake of Energy (kcal) 2543 2249 1519 1923 2158 2865 2645 2869 2838 2418 1969
Ranka Food Groupb,c                      
1 Pizza 7.4 10.8 5.4 9.2 10.1 13.2 6.5 9.3 7.3 3.6 1.8
2 Yeast breads 7.3 7.2  5.8 8.3 6.2 7.6 7.4 5.2 6.7 9.6 10.8
3 Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 7.1 8.4 5.5 7.1 8.3 9.6 6.8 7.7 7.2 5.9 4.5
4 Cold cuts 4.7 3.7 3.6 4.0 3.3 3.9 4.9 4.1 5.4 4.9 5.4
5 Condiments 4.7 4.2 3.4 3.5 3.7 5.0 4.8 4.5 5.2 4.7 3.6
6 Sausage, franks, bacon, and ribs 4.6 4.9 8.0 5.2 5.7 3.7 4.5 3.8 4.3 5.7 4.1
7 Mexican mixed dishes 4.5 3.5 2.6 2.6 4.5 3.3 4.9 7.7 5.3 2.6 0.7
8 Pasta and pasta dishes 4.2 5.7  8.5 7.3 6.1 4.0 3.8 5.2 3.5 2.9 4.2
9 Regular cheese 3.5 3.4 4.3 2.9 3.2 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.1
10 Beef and beef mixed dishes 3.3 2.5 2.7 1.1 2.8 2.9 3.6 4.7 3.6 2.5 3.9
11 Grain-based desserts 3.3 3.6 3.0 4.5 3.7 3.3 3.2 2.5 3.0 3.8 4.6
12 Soups 2.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.2 1.5 3.2 2.7 2.2 4.6 5.4
13 Burgers 2.7 3.4 0.8 1.8 3.1 4.9 2.6 3.0 2.9 1.8 1.4
14 Eggs and egg mixed dishes 2.7 2.2 1.6 1.5 2.0 2.9 2.8 2.3 3.0 2.9 3.4
15 Rice and rice mixed dishes 2.6 1.6 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.4 2.9 3.5 3.2 2.1 1.6
16 Pork and pork mixed dishes 2.0 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.1 1.7 2.1 1.9 2.1 2.5 2.2
17 Ready-to-eat cereals 2.0 3.2 4.2 4.5 2.9 2.5 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.7 3.3
18 Salad dressing 1.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.6 1.0 2.2 2.1 2.6 1.8 2.4
19 Potato/corn/other chips 1.7 2.5 2.1 3.5 2.5 2.1 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.3 0.9
20 Other white potatoes 1.6 0.8 0.7 0.5 1.2 0.7 1.9 1.2 1.2 3.2 2.8
22 Fried white potatoes 1.6 1.5 2.3 1.3 1.3 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.5 1.5 1.0
23 Soda/energy/sports drinks 1.5 1.6 0.4 0.6 1.5 2.5 1.4 1.9 1.4 1.2 0.5
24 Other fish and fish mixed dishes 1.3 0.6 1.0 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.4 2.4
25 Reduced fat milk 1.2 2.3 3.1 3.3 2.4 1.6 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.4
26 Pancakes/waffles/French toast 1.2 1.7 2.1 1.5 2.7 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.4 1.3
27 Crackers 1.1 1.5 2.8 2.6 1.5 0.7 1.0 1.1 0.8 1.0 1.4
34 Whole Milk  0.7  3.6  3.6  2.0  0.9  0.9 0.5  0.4  0.5  0.4  0.8
a: Rank for all males only. Columns for other age groups are ordered by this ranking. The top five food groups for each age group are bolded.
b: Specific foods contributing at least 2% of sodium for all males in descending order are listed. Specific foods contributing at least 2% of sodium for any given subgroup are then also listed in italics.
c: Specific foods contributing at least 1% of sodium for all males in descending order: salad dressing, potato/corn/other chips, other white potatoes, quickbreads, fried white potatoes, soda/energy/sports drinks, other fish and fish mixed dishes, reduced fat milk, pancakes/waffles/French toast, crackers, and chili.

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013