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Table 4a. Mean Intake of Sodium, Mean Intake of Energy, and Percentage Sodium Contribution of Various Foods Among US Population, by Race/Ethnicity and Family Income, NHANES 2005–06

  All Persons Race/Ethnicity Family Income
Non-Hispanic Whites Non-Hispanic Blacks Mexican-Americans ≤ 130% Poverty 131-185% Poverty ≥ 186% Poverty
Sample Size 8549 3351 2263 2245 2703 1023 4450
Mean Intake of Sodium (mg) 3436 3524 3257 3162 3222 3319 3534
Mean Intake of Energy (kcal) 2157 2198 2095 2109 2107 2070 2189
Ranka Food Groupb,c              
1 Yeast breads 7.3 7.7 6.7 5.2 6.7 7.4 7.4
2 Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 6.8 6.3 9.6 6.8 6.7 6.1 6.9
3 Pizza 6.3 6.6 5.5 5.4 6.7 7.7 6.1
4 Pasta and pasta dishes 5.1 5.2 5.7 2.9 5.0 4.9 5.0
5 Cold cuts 4.5 4.9 3.7 2.8 3.7 5.2 4.7
6 Condiments 4.4 4.5 3.7 4.4 4.0 3.9 4.5
7 Mexican mixed dishes 4.1 3.7 1.9 11.0 4.8 4.4 3.9
8 Sausage, franks, bacon, and ribs 4.1 4.0 5.9 3.6 4.4 3.9 4.1
9 Regular cheese 3.5 3.8 3.2 2.7 3.2 2.9 3.7
10 Grain-based desserts 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.0 3.5 3.5
11 Soups 3.3 3.0 1.3 6.2 4.2 3.1 3.1
12 Beef and beef mixed dishes 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.5 4.0 2.7 3.1
13 Rice and rice mixed dishes 2.6 1.8 3.2 3.8 3.0 3.1 2.4
14 Eggs and egg mixed dishes 2.6 2.3 2.9 3.8 3.0 3.5 2.4
15 Burgers 2.4 2.4 3.2 2.1 2.5 1.9 2.5
16 Salad dressing 2.4 2.7 2.2 1.3 2.3 1.3 2.6
17 Ready-to-eat cereals 2.0 2.1 1.8 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.9
18 Potato/corn/other chips 1.8 1.6 2.6 2.2 2.2 1.7 1.7
19 Pork and pork mixed dishes 1.8 1.8 2.2 1.6 1.9 3.4 1.6
22 Other fish and fish mixed dishes 1.5 1.2 2.2 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.4
29 Beans 1.0 0.8 1.1 2.3 1.3 1.0 0.9
a: Rank for all persons only.  Columns for other age groups are ordered by this ranking.  The top five food groups for each age group are bolded.
b: Specific foods contributing at least 2% of sodium for all persons in descending order are listed.  Specific foods contributing at least 2% of sodium for any given subgroup are then also listed in italics.
c: Specific foods contributing at least 1% of sodium for all persons in descending order: potato/corn/other chips, pork and pork mixed dishes, quickbreads, other white potatoes, other fish and fish mixed dishes, fried white potatoes, reduced fat milk, crackers, soda/energy/sports drinks, and pancakes/waffles/French toast.

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013