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Table 4b. Mean Intake of Sodium, Mean Intake of Energy, and Mean Sodium Contribution (mg) of Various Foods Among US Population, by Race/Ethnicity and Family Income, NHANES 2005–06

  All Persons Race/Ethnicity Family Income
Non-Hispanic Whites Non-Hispanic Blacks Mexican-Americans ≤ 130% Poverty 131-185% Poverty ≥ 186% Poverty
Sample Size 8549 3351 2263 2245 2703 1023 4450
Mean Intake of Sodium (mg) 3436 3524 3257 3162 3222 3319 3534
Mean Intake of Energy (kcal) 2157 2198 2095 2109 2107 2070 2189
Ranka Food Groupb,c              
1 Yeast breads 250 271 219 165 214 246 263
2 Chicken and chicken mixed dishes 233 221 311 214 216 203 243
3 Pizza 217 233 179 170 215 256 214
4 Pasta and pasta dishes 174 184 184 93 162 163 178
5 Cold cuts 155 173 120 89 118 172 166
6 Condiments 150 157 122 138 130 130 160
7 Mexican mixed dishes 142 131 62 348 154 147 138
8 Sausage, franks, bacon, and ribs 140 139 192 114 140 128 144
9 Regular cheese 122 135 104 84 104 97 133
10 Grain-based desserts 118 126 107 106 98 116 123
11 Soups 115 107 41 195 134 104 109
12 Beef and beef mixed dishes 112 109 106 112 129 89 109
13 Rice and rice mixed dishes 89 63 104 120 96 104 86
14 Eggs and egg mixed dishes 88 83 93 121 95 115 84
15 Burgers 84 84 103 67 80 62 90
16 Salad dressing 83 94 71 40 73 44 92
17 Ready-to-eat cereals 69 73 58 72 72 70 67
18 Potato/corn/other chips 61 57 85 71 70 57 60
19 Pork and pork mixed dishes 60 63 73 51 60 111 55
22 Other fish and fish mixed dishes 51 43 70 47 45 57 51
29 Beans 33 29 35 71 43 32 31
a: Rank for all persons only.  Columns for other age groups are ordered by this ranking.  The top five food groups for each age group are bolded.
b: Specific foods contributing at least 2% of sodium for all persons in descending order are listed.  Specific foods contributing at least 2% of sodium for any given subgroup are then also listed in italics.
c: Specific foods contributing at least 1% of sodium for all persons in descending order: potato/corn/other chips, pork and pork mixed dishes, quickbreads, other white potatoes, other fish and fish mixed dishes, fried white potatoes, reduced fat milk, crackers, soda/energy/sports drinks, and pancakes/waffles/French toast.

Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013