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Sources of Calories from Solid Fats among the US Population, 2005–06

Objective

The purpose of this research was to identify the contributions of specific foods to intake of calories from solid fats in the US population age 2 and older.

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Methods

We used the 2003–04 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to determine the contribution of specific foods to intake of calories from solid fats. The dietary intake data collected in the survey were catalogued according to discrete food codes. For this analysis, food codes representing similar foods -- such as the various types of pasta dishes -- were combined to provide an indication of the contribution of distinct food items to intake of the dietary component being studied. That is, the food codes were sorted into 96 mutually exclusive food categories, termed specific foods.

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Figure

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Tables

Mean Intake of Solid Fats and Percentage Contribution (kcal) of Various Foods

Mean Intake of Solid Fats and Mean Contribution (kcal) of Various Foods

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Key Findings

The average daily intake of energy from solid fats among 2-18 year olds is 433 kcal. The major sources of solid fat are pizza (50 kcal per day from solid fat), grain-based desserts (43 kcal), whole milk (35 kcal), regular cheese (34 kcal), and fatty meats (29 kcal). This list varies by age group, with younger children obtaining a greater share of their solid fat from both whole and reduced-fat milk and 14-18 year olds getting more from fried potatoes.

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Suggested Citation

Suggested citation for information contained on this page:

Sources of Calories from Solid Fats among the US Population, 2005–06. Applied Research Program Web site. National Cancer Institute. http://appliedresearch.cancer.gov/diet/foodsources/solid_fats/. Updated April 11, 2014. Accessed October 25, 2014.

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Last Modified: 11 Apr 2014