Organization of Population-Based Breast Cancer Screening Programs in 22 Countries Surveyed in 1995
Data reflects information from organized screening programs. However, data for the United States reflects government sponsored programs supporting screening for low income women and the voluntary Medicare benefit for women 65 years of age and over.
* In second column refers to national (Natl) and regional (Reg) programs. In third column refers to percentage of the national population covered by national programs if available and by regional programs if no national program was established by 1995.
** C represents centralized systems that have a national policy and administration of programs, and national or both national and regional funding. PC represents partially centralized systems that have the same characteristics as centralized systems except that programs are administered regionally. DC represents decentralized systems that have a national policy, but regional funding and administration.
*** Facilities used for the delivery of mammograms in organized programs: MC = dedicated mammography screening centers; GR = nondedicated centers, such as general radiology departments; M = mobile units.
1 G = Government.
2 HMO = Health maintenance organization.
3 NA = Not applicable.
4 Describes plans in Germany as of 1995 which were not further implemented.
5 EAC = Europe Against Cancer.
6 Greece has two programs. In one, termed Greece I (the Hellenic Society of Oncology), the program began in 1989, currently has a 60% participation for women 40-64 in its region, and uses only mobile units dedicated to screening. In the other, termed Greece II, the program began in 1992, does not have an estimate for participation within its region, and uses both mammography centers and general radiology departments as facilities for screening.
Last modified: 03 May 2013
Maintained by the
Applied Research Program,
Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences.