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Other Characteristics of Breast Cancer Screening Programs in 26 ICSN Countries, 2012*

Region/Country

Methods used to recruit women 1 Source of payment for exam Source of funding for program Quality assurance required by law? Utilize guidelines for quality assurance?
Australia PI, PR, MM, SM Government Government No Yes
Canada PI, PR, MM, SM Government Government No Yes
China PI, SM Government Government No No
Denmark PI Government Government No Yes
Finland PI Government Government
France PI, PR, MM, SM Government/Insurance Government Yes Yes
Iceland PI, PR Government/Woman Government No Yes
Israel PI, PR Other Government/Private foundation No Yes
Italy PI Government Government No Yes
Japan PI, MM, SM Woman Other Yes Yes
Korea PI Government/Insurance Government Yes Yes
Luxembourg PI, SM Government/Insurance Government No Yes
Netherlands PI Government Government Yes Yes
New Zealand PI, PR, MM, SM, O Government Government No Yes
Norway PI Government/Woman Government No Yes
Poland PI, PR, MM, SM Insurance Government Yes Yes
Portugal (Central Region) PI Government Government No Yes
Portugal (Alentejo Region) PI, SM Government Government/Private foundation No Yes
Saudi Arabia PI, SM, O Government Government No Yes
Spain (Catalonia) PI, SM Government Government No Yes
Spain (Navarra) PI Government Government Yes Yes
Sweden PI Government/Woman Government Yes
Switzerland PI, PR Insurance/Woman Government/Insurance Yes Yes
United Kingdom PI Government Government No Yes
United States2 PI, PR, MM, SM, O Government/Insurance Government Yes Yes
Uruguay PI, PR, MM Government/Insurance Government No No

*Data are from a survey of ICSN country representatives, conducted in 2012

1 Recruitment Methods:

PI (Personal Invitation)
PR (Physician Referral)
SM (Small Media Advertising i.e., flyers, brochures, pamphlets)
MM (Mass Media Advertising i.e., television, radio)
O (Other)

2 Data comes from the Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium.