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Validation Studies of the Minnesota Leisure-time Physical activity questionnaire (MLTPAQ)

Walsh et al. 2004

See reference #36

Methods
Relation of TEE calculated from MLTPAQ and the Tecumseh Occupational questionnaire (TEC), to body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), and free-living TEE (DLW) (ANOVA)
Sample
20 white and 21 black premeno-pausal women (over-weight, weight reduced and control); 20-46 years of age; 20 white and 14 black control women
Summary Results
Overestimation of EE (kcals/dy)-differences between TEC/ MNLTPAQ combined, and DLW
Overweight*
Black 981±284
White 869±388
Weight reduced*
Black 1016±521*
White 449±279
Control
Black 551±375
White 670±365
* p < 0.05

Relation between % body fat with over-estimation of EE by TEC/MNLTPAQ
Overweight 0.39*
Weight reduced NS
Controls NS

(NS-correlations not given)

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Conway et al. 2002

See reference #37

Methods
Relation between a 4-wk history version of the MLTPAQ and the TEC and doubly labeled water (DLW)
Sample
24 males; 42.0 ± 2.3 years of age
Summary Results
Mean estimates of EE from questionnaires and DLW
  Mean R2
EE MLTPAQ 3.03±0.41  
EE TEC 8.47±0.78  
EESLEEPMET 2.29±0.09  
EE GEN 1.17±0.12  
EEDLW 13.55±0.38  
EE total 1 13.79±0.89 0.38**
EE total 2 14.87±0.90 0.39**

EE total 1= EE MLTPAQ+ EE TEC EESLEEPMET
EE total2= EE MLTPAQ+ EE TEC EESLEEPMET+ EE GEN

** p < 0.001

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Tuero et al. 2001

See reference #38

Methods
Relation between MLTPAQ and fitness indicators: VO2 max and % BF (correlation coefficients)
Sample
44 male and 38 females, Hispanic; 18-59 years of age
Summary Results
MLTPAQ Baseline 12 month
  V02 max BF VO2 max BF
Light -0.119 0.166 -0.223 0.196
Moderate 0.163 0.198 -0.117 0.95
Heavy 0.586* -0.287* -0.494* 0.242*
Total 0.190 -0.019 0.064 0.039

* p < 0.001

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Bonnefoy et al. 2001

See reference #39

Methods
Relationships between MLTPAQ and DLW and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) (Pearson and Spearman’s Correlation coefficients)
Sample
19 men; mean age 73.4 ± 4.1 years
Summary Results
MLTPAQ: DLW-TEE VO2 max
-light intensity -0.15(-0.24) -0.05(-0.07)
-Moderate intensity 0.05*(0.19) 0.30(0.15)
-Heavy intensity 0.28(0.47)* 0.50*(0.54)*
-Total 0.23(0.17) 0.48*(0.38)

* p <0.05
Spearman’s correlation coefficients in parenthesis

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Elosua et al. 2000

See reference #40

Methods
Relation between EE in PA obtained by MLTPAQ and BMI, HR at rest, after 3 min of exercise test and after 6 min of exercise test. (Spearman correlation coefficients)
Sample
250 Spanish women; 18-60 years of age
Summary Results
EE-PA: BMI HR HR-3 HR-6 ET
Total -0.129* -0.078 -0.214* -0.175* 0.395*
-heavy -0.199* -0.158* -0.335 -0.283* -0.508*
-moderate -0.061 0.003 0.018 0.001 0.129*
-light -0.092 0.023 0.017 0.029 -0.017
-household -0.268* 0.034 0.139 0.105 -0.305*

* p < 0.05

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Starling et al. 1999

See reference #41

Methods
Relation between Yale Physical Activity Survey (YPAS) and MLTPAQ and Caltrac uniaxial accelerometer, and doubly labeled water (DLW) in conjunction with indirect calorimetry (ANOVA)
Sample
35 women and 32 men; 45- to 84years of age
Summary Results
Method: Physical Activity EE (kcals/d)
DLW
-men 1211±429
-women 873±244
MLTPAQ
-men 459±288*
-women 386±228*
CALTRAC
-men 554±242*
-women 379±162*

* p < 0.05 compared with DLW

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Richardson et al. 1994

See reference #42

Methods
Relation between MLTPAQ and six 48-hour physical activity records, fourteen 48-hour Caltrac accelerometer readings, 3 VO2 peak determinations and percent body fat (%BF)
(Age- and gender-adjusted Pearson partial correlation coefficients)
Sample
78 men and women; 20-59 years of age
Summary Results
  T H M L HH
%BF -0.24* -0.24* -0.01 -0.15 -0.01
  (n) (75) (76) (76) (76) (75)
V02peak 0.47** 0.43** 0.14 0.27* 0.14
  (n) (75) (76) (76) (76) (75)
* p < 0.05   ** p < 0.01

Summary Legend:
T = Total
L = Light
M = Moderate
H = Heavy
HH = Household
%BF = Percent Body Fat
VO2 max = vital capacity

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Jacobs et al. 1993

See reference #10

Methods
Relation between MLTPAQ and 9 other PAQs, and treadmill exercise performance and vital capacity (VO2 max, Forced Expiratory Volume(FEV), work load), body fatness, the average of 14 4-wk physical activity histories (4WH) and the average of 14 2-d accelerometer readings (Caltrac) (age-adjusted correlation coefficients)
Sample
78 men and women; 20-59 years of age
Summary Results
MLTPAQ
  T L M H HH
CALTRAC
-kcal/d -0.06 -0.04 0.02 -0.01 0.08
-min/d 0.18 0.07 0.22 0.16 0.03
4WH
- T 0.74 0.13 0.25 0.52 0.55
-L 0.27 0.83 -0.02 0.12 -0.09
-M 0.15 -0.09 0.75 0.12 -0.03
-H 0.74 0.11 0.22 0.86 0.08
-HH 0.40 -0.10 0.03 0.06 0.74
WORKLOAD 0.45 0.32 0.17 0.45 0.00
%BF -0.24 -0.08 -0.07 -0.22 -0.08
FEV 0.09 0.10 -0.05 0.08 0.02
V02 0.43 0.11 0.15 0.39 0.16
Summary Legend:
T = Total
L = Light
M = Moderate
H = Heavy
HH = Household
VO2 max = vital capacity
FEV = Forced Expiratory Volume
4WH = the average of 14 4-wk physical activity histories
Caltrac = the average of 14 2-d accelerometer readings

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Wilbur et al. 1993

See reference #43

Methods
Relationship between MLTPAQ Leisure activities and Cardio respiratory fitness established with a Monarch bicycle ergometer, BP, Ponderosity, and Self Report activity.
Sample
375 women, 73% white, 22% black; 33-63 years of age
Summary Results
  Leisure EE
BP:
-systolic -.00
-diastolic -.06
Ponderosity -.11*
Cardiorespiratory Fitness .21**
Self report:
Activity compared to others .24***
Overall activity .23***

* p < 0.05   ** p < 0.001   *** p < 0.0001

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Albanes et al. 1990

See reference #13

Methods
Relationship between MLTPAQ past-week kcal and EI and summary estimates from other PAQs (Spearman correlations)
Sample
21 USDA employees;28-55 years of age
Summary Results
EI 0.13
EI-REE 0.17
5-City Project 0.48
Framinham 0.33
Health Insurance Plan 0.52
Lipid Res Clinics 0.63
Paffenbarger:
Harvard U. Alumni 0.54
U. Penn Alumni 0.47
(No P-values provided)

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Last Modified: 11 Apr 2014