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Register of Validated Short Dietary Assessment Instruments

Show only instruments matching these criteria:

? Dietary factors:
? Questionnaire format: ? ? ? ?
? Number of questions or food items:

Show only validation studies matching these criteria:

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? Validation study sample size:
? Age of study population:
? Gender of study population:
? Race/ethnicity of study population:
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Showing 107 instruments. If these results are unexpected, you may wish to consult the instruction page.

Ambrosini GL

Dietary factors: Vitamin A (beta-carotene and retinol)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 43
Validation study: Ambrosini et al, 2001
Reference tool(s): Diet records
n = 76
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Australia

Andersen LF

Dietary factors: Multiple factors (fruits, vegetables and fat)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 27
Validation study: Andersen et al, 2002
Reference tool(s): Weighed diet records
n = 108
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Male
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Norway

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Apovian CM: DASH Online Questionnaire

Dietary factors: Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, meats, sugary sweets, fat, nuts/seeds/legumes
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Checklist
Number of questions/food items: 74
Validation study: Apovian et al, 2010
Reference tool(s): FFQ
n = 191
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: U.S.

Dietary factors: Folate
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 31
Validation study:
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recalls
  • Weighed food records
  • Biomarker - plasma and RBC folate
n = 104
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Hispanic
Country/location: Mexico

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Baric IC

Dietary factors: Folate
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 39
Validation study: Baric et al, 2009
Reference tool(s): Biomarkers - serum and erythrocyte folate and plasma homocysteine
n = 99
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Croatia

Birgisdottir BE

Dietary factors: Seafood (fish and fish oil)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 10
Validation study: Birgisdottir et al, 2008
Reference tool(s): Food records
n = 56
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Multiple countries (Iceland, Ireland, Spain)
Other references:

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Block G

Dietary factors: Multiple factors (fats, fruits, and vegetables)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 22
Validation study: Block et al, 2000
Reference tool(s): Validated Block FFQ
n = 208
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.
Other references:

Bogers RP

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 8
Validation study: Bogers et al, 2004
Reference tool(s): Biomarkers - vitamin C and carotenoids
n = 157
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Netherlands
Other references:

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Cantwell M: Meat cooking practice module

Dietary factors: Heterocyclic amines
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 23
Validation study: Cantwell et al, 2004
Reference tool(s): Food diaries
n = 165
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

Cena H

Dietary factors: Carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 30
Validation study: Cena et al, 2008
Reference tool(s):
  • Dietary records
  • Biomarkers - Plasma concentrations carotenoids
n = 87
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Italy

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Chan SG: Soy FFQ (SFFQ)

Dietary factors: Soy isoflavones
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 47
Validation study: Chan et al, 2008
Reference tool(s): 24-hr dietary recalls
n = 145
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Chinese
Country/location: China

Charlton KE

View or download this instrument

Dietary factors: Sodium
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 42
Validation study: Charlton et al, 2008
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recalls
  • Biomarkers - 24-hr urinary Na
n = 325
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: South Africa

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Couris R: Vitamin K Intake Assessment Card (K-Card)

Dietary factors: Vitamin K
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 54
Validation study: Couris et al, 2000
Reference tool(s):
  • Weighed food records
  • Biomarker - Plasma phylloquinone concentrations
n = 36
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: U.S.
Other references:

Cullen: Fruit, juice and vegetable (FJV) FFQ

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables (fruits, juice and vegetables)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 24
Validation study: Cullen et al, 1999
Reference tool(s): 24-hr dietary recalls
n = 92
Study population:
Age: Adults and children
Gender: Male
Race/ethnicity: Mostly Black
Country/location: U.S.

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Dennison B: Child Dietary Fat Questionnaire (CDFQ)

Dietary factors: Dietary fat (total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 17
Validation study: Dennison et al, 2000
Reference tool(s):
  • Dietary records
  • 24-hour dietary recalls
n = 91
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: U.S.

Dunn S: FFQ to measure inulin and oligofructose

Dietary factors: Inulin and oligofructose
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 23
Validation study: Dunn et al, 2011
Reference tool(s): 7-day food diary
n = 66
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: United Kingdom

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Fernandez S: Latino Dietary Behaviors Questionnaire

Dietary factors: Healthy dietary changes, artificial sweeteners in drinks, number of meals per day, fat
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Behavioral Questionnaire
Number of questions/food items: 13
Validation study: Fernandez at al, 2011
Reference tool(s): 24 hour dietary recall
n = 252
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Spanish-speaking Caribbean Latinos
Country/location: U.S. (Massachusetts)

Fialkowski MK: Shellfish assessment survey

View or download this instrument

Dietary factors: Shellfish
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 62
Validation study: Fialkowski et al, 2010
Reference tool(s):
  • Food record
  • FFQ
n = 500
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Native Americans
Country/location: U.S.

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Field AE: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) questionnaire

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 4
Validation study: Field et al, 1998
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recalls
  • Harvard FFQ
n = 120
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

Field AE: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) questionaire

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 6
Validation study: Field et al, 1998
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recalls
  • Harvard FFQ
n = 120
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

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Fowke JH

Dietary factors: Cruciferous vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 37
Validation study: Fowke et al, 2002
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recalls
  • Biomarker - Urinary concentrations of dithiocarbamate
n = 33
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: U.S.

Frankenfeld CL

Dietary factors: Soy
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 40
Validation study: Frankenfeld et al, 2002
Reference tool(s): Biomarkers - plasma isoflavone concentration
n = 77
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

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Frankenfeld CL: Soy FFQ

Dietary factors: Soy isoflavones
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 20
Validation study: Frankenfeld et al, 2003
Reference tool(s): Biomarker - plasma isoflavone concentration
n = 96
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Mostly White (94%)
Country/location: U.S.

French MR

Dietary factors: Phytoestrogen
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 53
Validation study: French et al, 2007
Reference tool(s): Biomarker - Urinary concentrations of metabolites
n = 26
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: White
Country/location: Canada

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Gans KM: Rapid Eating and Activity Assessment (REAP)

Dietary factors: Multiple factors (whole grains, calcium-rich foods, fruits and vegetables, fat, saturated fat and cholesterol, sugar-containing foods and beverages, sodium and alcoholic beverages)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 27
Validation study: Gans et al, 2006
Reference tool(s): FFQ
n = 94
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Mostly White (94%)
Country/location: U.S.

Greene GW

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 19
Validation study: Greene et al, 2008
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recalls
  • Biomarkers - Serum carotenoids
n = 590
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

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Hakim IA: Arizona Tea Questionnaire

Dietary factors: Black tea polyphenols
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 20
Validation study: Hakim et al, 2001
Reference tool(s):
  • Arizona FFQ
  • Food records
n = 120
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Mostly White (>90%)
Country/location: U.S.
Other references:

Harnack LJ: Calcium FFQ

View or download this instrument

Dietary factors: Calcium
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 10
Validation study: Harnack et al, 2006
Reference tool(s): 24-hr dietary recalls
n = 248
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

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Hedrick VE: Beverage Intake Questionnaire

Dietary factors: Beverages
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 19
Validation study: Hedrick et al, 2010
Reference tool(s): 4-day food diary
n = 105
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Mostly White
Country/location: U.S. (Virginia)

Herran OF: Alcohol Frequency Questionnaire A

Dietary factors: Alcohol
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Alcohol Frequency Questionnaire
Number of questions/food items: 53
Validation study: Herran et al, 2006
Reference tool(s): 30-day alcohol intake records
n = 109
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Colombia

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Herran OF: Alcohol Frequency Questionnaire B

Dietary factors: Alcohol
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Alcohol Frequency Questionnaire
Number of questions/food items: 5
Validation study: Herran et al, 2006
Reference tool(s): 30-day alcohol intake records
n = 109
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Colombia

Hickling S: Folate Intake Tool (FIT)

Dietary factors: Folate
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 19
Validation study: Hickling et al, 2005
Reference tool(s): Biomarker - serum folate concentration
n = 568
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Australia

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Hopman EG: FQ-Gluten

Dietary factors: Gluten
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 68
Validation study: Hopman et al, 2007
Reference tool(s): 2-day Food records
n = 87
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Netherlands

Huang YC: Simplified food frequency questionnaire

Dietary factors: Food group patterns (grain, dairy, meat, fish, egg, soy, vegetable, fruit)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 37
Validation study: Huang et al, 2011
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recall
  • biomarkers
n = 81 (recalls); 1473 (biomarkers)
Study population:
Age: Adults (65 and older)
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Fukienese, Hakka, Mainlander, Aboriginal
Country/location: Taiwan

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Hung A: Calcium Assessment Tool

Dietary factors: Calcium
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Validation study: Hung A et al, 2011
Reference tool(s): 3-day food record
n = 348
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: White, Asian, African-Canadian, Other
Country/location: Canada (greater Toronto area)

Ingram MA: New Zealand PUFA FFQ

Dietary factors: Polyunsaturated fatty acids
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 36
Validation study: Ingram et al, 2012
Reference tool(s): 3-day weighed record
n = 42
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: White
Country/location: New Zealand

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Jilcott SB: Modified dietary risk assessment

Dietary factors: Multiple factors (meat, side dishes, desserts, snacks, spreads, salad dressing, oil, dairy, eggs, cereal, salt)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Index
Number of questions/food items: 54
Validation study: Jilcott et al, 2007
Reference tool(s):
  • FFQ
  • Biomarker - serum carotenoids
n = 236
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: U.S.

Johnson F: Adolescent Food Habits Checklist

View or download this instrument

Dietary factors: Healthy eating behaviors (fruits, vegetables and energy-dense foods)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Behavioral Questionnaire
Number of questions/food items: 23
Validation study: Johnson et al, 2002
Reference tool(s):
  • Dietary instrument for nutrition education
  • Dutch eating behavior questionnaire
  • Nutrition knowledge questionnaire
  • Household affluence
n = 1822
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Mostly White (90%)
Country/location: England

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Kanoni S: Zinc food frequency in ZINCAGE

Dietary factors: Zinc
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 53
Validation study: Kanoni et al, 2010
Reference tool(s): 24-hr dietary recalls
n = 105
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Europe

Keating GA: Meat frequency questionnaire (MFQ)

Dietary factors: Heterocyclic amines
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 12
Validation study: Keating et al, 2007
Reference tool(s): Block FFQ
n = 314
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Male
Race/ethnicity: Black
Country/location: U.S.
Other references:

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Khan NC

Dietary factors: Calcium
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 36
Validation study: Khan et al, 2008
Reference tool(s): 24-hr dietary recalls
n = 140
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Vietnam

Kiwanuka SN

Dietary factors: Sugar snacks
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Checklist
Number of questions/food items: 8
Validation study: Kiwanuka et al, 2006
Reference tool(s): 5-day food behavior checklist
n = 614
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Uganda

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Kris-Etherton P: MEDFICTS (Meat, Eggs, Dairy, Fried foods, In baked goods, Convenient foods, fats added at the Table and Snacks)

Dietary factors: Fats (total fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 16
Validation study: Kris-Etherton et al, 2001
Reference tool(s): 3-day food records
n = 48
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Not specified
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: U.S.

Kristal AR: 5-A-DAY questionnaire

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 7
Validation study: Kristal et al, 2000
Reference tool(s): 24-hr dietary recalls
n = 260
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

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Laviolle B

Dietary factors: Multiple factors (saturated fatty acids, mono-unsaturated fatty acids, poly-unsaturated fatty acids, fruits and vegetables)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 14
Validation study: Laviolle et al, 2005
Reference tool(s):
  • 7-day dietary history
  • Biomarkers - Plasma fatty acid concentrations; Plasma folate concentration
n = 205
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: France

Lean MEJ: Dietary Targets Monitor

View or download this instrument

Dietary factors: Multiple factors (fruits, vegetables, fish, starchy foods)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 9
Validation study: Lean et al, 2003
Reference tool(s): FFQ (Scottish Heart Health Study FFQ)
n = 1085
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Scotland

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: Index of Diet Quality

Dietary factors: Whole grain foods; fat-containing foods; vegetables, fruits and berries; sugar-rich foods; dairy; supplements; meal pattern; alcohol
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 55
Validation study:
Reference tool(s): 7-day food diary
n = 103
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Finland

Ling AM

Dietary factors: Multiple factors (cereals, fruits and vegetables)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 16
Validation study: Ling et al, 1998
Reference tool(s): 24-hr dietary recalls
n = 70
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Singapore

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Magarey A: Children's Dietary Questionnaire

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables, fat from dairy, sweetened beverages, non-core foods
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 28
Validation study: Magarey et al, 2009
Reference tool(s): Checklist
n = 706
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Australia

Magkos F

Dietary factors: Calcium
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 30
Validation study: Magkos et al, 2006
Reference tool(s): 24-hr dietary recall
n = 1001
Study population:
Age: Adults and children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Greece
Other references:

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Marcotte L: Calcium checklist

Dietary factors: Calcium
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Checklist
Number of questions/food items: 19
Validation study: Marcotte et al, 2008
Reference tool(s): 24-hr dietary recall
n = 42
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

Marshall T: Iowa Flouride study Targeted Nutrient Questionnaire

Dietary factors: Flouride intake (beverages, calcium and vitamin D)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 22
Validation study: Marshall et al, 2008
Reference tool(s): 3-day diaries
n = 223
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Mostly White (98%)
Country/location: U.S.

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Mina K

Dietary factors: Fish
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 50
Validation study: Mina et al, 2007
Reference tool(s): Biomarker - blood Omega 3 fatty acids concentrations
n = 91
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: Australia
Other references:

Montomoli M: Calcium FFQ

Dietary factors: Calcium
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 15
Validation study: Montomoli et al, 2002
Reference tool(s): 14-day food record
n = 206
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: White
Country/location: Italy

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Morin P

Dietary factors: Protein
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 20
Validation study: Morin et al, 2005
Reference tool(s):
  • Food diary
  • 24-hr dietary recalls
n = 72
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Switzerland

Murphy S: Food Behavior Checklist

Dietary factors: Multiple
(fat, fruits and vegetables, fiber, dairy, salt, diet quality, food security, food expediture)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Checklist
Number of questions/food items: 39
Validation study: Murphy et al, 2001
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recalls
  • Biomarker - serum carotenoids
n = 100
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

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Nelson MC

Dietary factors: Multiple factors
(beverage and fast food intake)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 22
Validation study: Nelson et al, 2009
Reference tool(s): 24-hr dietary recalls
n = 59
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: White
Country/location: U.S.

Neuhouser ML

Dietary factors: Fat (percentage energy from fat and saturated fat)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 13
Validation study: Neuhouser et al, 1999
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recalls
  • FFQ
n = 146
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Male
Race/ethnicity: Mostly White (95%)
Country/location: U.S.
Other references:

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Neuhouser ML: Beverage and snack questionnaire

Dietary factors: Multiple factors (soft drinks, salty snacks, sweets, milk, fruits, vegetables)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 19
Validation study: Neuhouser et al, 2009
Reference tool(s): 4-day food records
n = 46
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

Owens JE

Dietary factors: Folate
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 21
Validation study: Owens et al, 2007
Reference tool(s):
  • Biomarker - RBC folate
  • Block FFQ
n = 370
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

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Papadaki A

Dietary factors: Legumes
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 5
Validation study: Papadaki et al, 2007
Reference tool(s): 7d-food diary
n = 51
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: White
Country/location: Scotland

Pellegrini N

Dietary factors: Antioxidants (total antioxidant capacity)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 53
Validation study: Pellegrini et al, 2007
Reference tool(s): 3d-weighed food records
n = 285
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Italy

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Prochaska JJ: Fruit and vegetable brief

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 2
Validation study: Prochaska et al, 2004
Reference tool(s): 3-day food records
n = 138
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

Rasmussen LB

Dietary factors: Iodine
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 53
Validation study: Rasmussen et al, 2001
Reference tool(s):
  • 4-day dietary records
  • Biomarker - 24 hour urine excretion
n = 254
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Denmark

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Resincow K

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 7
Validation study: Resincow et al, 2000
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recalls
  • Biomarker - serum carotenoids
n = 994
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Black
Country/location: U.S.

Resincow K

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 2
Validation study: Resincow et al, 2000
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recalls
  • Biomarker - serum carotenoids
n = 1006
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Black
Country/location: U.S.

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Resincow K

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 36
Validation study: Resincow et al, 2000
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recalls
  • Biomarker - serum carotenoids
n = 1002
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Black
Country/location: U.S.

Rifas-Shiman: PrimeScreen

Dietary factors: Multiple factors (fruits, vegetables, whole grains, dairy, fish, red meats, fatty foods, vitamins and supplements)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 25
Validation study: Rifas-Shiman et al, 2001
Reference tool(s):
  • 131-item FFQ
  • Biomarkers - plasma alpha tocopherol, beta carotene and lutein/zeaxanthin
n = 160
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

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Risica PM: SisterTalk Food Habits Questionnaire

Dietary factors: Behavior (fat-related eating behaviors)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Behavioral Questionnaire
Number of questions/food items: 95
Validation study: Risica et al, 2007
Reference tool(s): FFQ
n = 72
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Black
Country/location: U.S.

Rohrmann S: Short questionnaire

Dietary factors: Fats (total fat, saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 20
Validation study: Rohrmann et al, 2003
Reference tool(s): FFQ
n = 244
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Germany
Other references:

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Samman S: Zinc-Specific Food Frequency Questionnaire

Dietary factors: Zinc
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 74
Validation study: Samman et al, 2010
Reference tool(s): 7-day weighed food diary
n = 22
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Females
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Australia

Satia JA: Household food inventory

Dietary factors: Behavior (fat-related dietary behavior)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Behavioral Questionnaire
Number of questions/food items: 14
Validation study: Satia et al, 2001
Reference tool(s):
  • Diet Habit Questionnaire
  • Change in high fat consumption scale
  • Western dietary acculturation scale
  • Behavioral questionnaire
n = 244
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Women
Race/ethnicity: Asian
Country/location: U.S. and Canada

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Schlundt DG: Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire

Dietary factors: Fat
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Behavioral Questionnaire
Number of questions/food items: 51
Validation study: Schlundt et al, 2003
Reference tool(s): FFQ
n = 278
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Black
Country/location: U.S.

: Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener

Dietary factors: Mediterranean diet
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 14
Validation study:
Reference tool(s): FFQ
n = 7146
Study population:
Age: Adults 55 to 80
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Spain

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Sebring NG

Dietary factors: Calcium
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 25
Validation study: Sebring et al, 2007
Reference tool(s): 7-day food records
n = 341
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

Sebring NG: Calcium questionnaire

Dietary factors: Calcium
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 87
Validation study: Sebring et al, 2007
Reference tool(s): 7-day food records
n = 341
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

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Segal-Isaacson: Shortened Rapid Eating and Activity Assessment (REAP-S)

View or download this instrument

Dietary factors: Multiple factors (whole grains, fat, sugar, sodium beverages and selected food groups)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 16
Validation study: Segal-Isaacson et al, 2004
Reference tool(s): FFQ (Block 1998 FFQ)
n = 110
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

Serdula M: BRFSS fruits and vegetable module

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 6
Validation study: Serdula et al, 1993
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recall
  • Diet records
n = 1079
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

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Serra-Majem L

Dietary factors: Alcohol
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 13
Validation study: Serra-Majem et al, 2002
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recalls
  • 7-day food records
  • FFQ
n = 93
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Spain

Smith BA: OsteoCalc

Dietary factors: Calcium
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 70
Validation study: Smith et al, 1999
Reference tool(s):
  • Health Habits and History Questionnaire
  • Oregon calcium score sheet
  • FFQ
n = 91
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Mostly White (97%)
Country/location: U.S.

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Smith K: Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Heath (CATCH) Food Checklist (CFC)

Dietary factors: Fat and sodium
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Checklist
Number of questions/food items: 40
Validation study: Smith et al, 2001
Reference tool(s): 24-hr dietary recall
n = 365
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

Spencer EH: Healthy doc diet screener

Dietary factors: Multiple factors
(fat, fruits and vegetables)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 43
Validation study: Spencer et al, 2005
Reference tool(s): 24-hr dietary recalls
n = 88
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

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Spoon: Food Habits Questionnaire

Dietary factors: Behaviors (fat-related behaviors)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Behavioral Questionnaire
Number of questions/food items: 24
Validation study: Spoon et al, 2002
Reference tool(s): 4-day food records
n = 178
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.
Other references:

Sullivan BL

Dietary factors: Fat (Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA))
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 28
Validation study: Sullivan et al, 2008
Reference tool(s): 3-day weighed food records
n = 53
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Australia

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Thompson FE: NCI Fat screener

Dietary factors: Fat (Energy from fat)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 16
Validation study: Thompson et al, 2007
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recalls
  • FFQ
n = 404
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: U.S.
Other references:

Thompson FE: NCI Multifactor screener

Dietary factors: Multiple factors (fruits, vegetables, energy from fat and fiber)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 17
Validation study: Thompson et al, 2004
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recalls
  • FFQ
n = 1362
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: U.S.
Other references:

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Thompson FE: NCI By-meal screener

View or download this instrument

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 13
Validation study: Thompson et al, 2002
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr recalls
  • FFQ
n = 222
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: U.S.

Thompson FE: NCI All-day screener

View or download this instrument

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 9
Validation study: Thompson et al, 2002
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr recalls
  • FFQ
n = 240
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: U.S.

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Thompson FE: NCI standard F&V screener

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 7
Validation study: Thompson et al, 2000
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr recalls
  • FFQ
n = 436
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

Thompson FE: NCI new F&V screener

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 16
Validation study: Thompson et al, 2000
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr recalls
  • FFQ
n = 438
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

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Thompson FE: NHIS 5-factor screener (NCI)

Dietary factors: Multiple factors (fruits, vegetables, added sugar, fiber, calcium and dairy servings)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 20
Validation study: Thompson et al, 2009
Reference tool(s): 24-hour dietary recalls
n = 28,948
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

Thompson FE: CHIS 2005 2-factor screener (NCI)

View or download this instrument

Dietary factors: Multiple factors (fruits and vegetables and added sugars)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 11
Validation study: Thompson et al, 2009
Reference tool(s): 24-hour recalls
n = 7954
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Hispanic
Country/location: U.S.

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Van Assema P: Fat list

Dietary factors: Fats
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 35
Validation study: Van Assema et al, 2001
Reference tool(s): 7-day diet records
n = 95
Study population:
Age: Adults and children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Netherlands

Vandelanotte C: Computerized fat intake questionnaire

Dietary factors: Fat
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 48
Validation study: Vandelanotte et al, 2004
Reference tool(s): 7-day diet records
n = 86
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Belgium
Other references:

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Vereecken CA

Dietary factors: Multiple factors (calcium, fiber and less healthy items)
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Record
Checklist
Number of questions/food items: 15
Validation study: Vereecken et al, 2003
Reference tool(s):
  • Food diary
  • 24-hr food behavior checklist
n = 7173
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Belgium

Ward KD: Rapid assessment method (RAM)

Dietary factors: Calcium
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Checklist
Number of questions/food items: 5
Validation study: Ward et al, 2004
Reference tool(s): 6-day diet records
n = 76
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Mostly White (97%)
Country/location: U.S.
Other references:

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Wiens L: SmartDiet Canadian Version Questionnaire

Dietary factors: Fiber and fat
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 17
Validation study: Wiens et al, 2010
Reference tool(s): 3-day food diary
n = 54
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Mostly White
Country/location: Canada

Williams AE

View or download this instrument

Dietary factors: Soy
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 12
Validation study: Williams et al, 2003
Reference tool(s):
  • 24-hr dietary recalls
  • Biomarker - Urinary isoflavone concentration
n = 199
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.
Other references:

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Wong SS: Interactive multimedia computerized FFQ

Dietary factors: Calcium
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 80
Validation study: Wong et al, 2008
Reference tool(s): 24-hr dietary recall
n = 161
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: Multiple
Country/location: U.S.

Xu L

Dietary factors: Calcium
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 110
Validation study: Xu et al, 2000
Reference tool(s): 7-day food records
n = 21
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Chinese
Country/location: China

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Yang YJ: Brief Calcium Assessment Tool

View or download this instrument

Dietary factors: Calcium
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 15
Validation study: Yang et al, 2010
Reference tool(s): Biomarkers - Bone mineral content
n = 745
Study population:
Age: Adolescents
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Asian, Hispanic, Non-Hispanic White
Country/location: U.S.

Yaroch AL: Qualitative dietary fat Index questionnaire (QFQ)

Dietary factors: Fat
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Index
Number of questions/food items: 18
Validation study: Yaroch et al, 2000
Reference tool(s): 24-hr dietary recalls
n = 57
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Black
Country/location: U.S.

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Yaroch AL: 2-item cup fruit and vegetable screener

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 2
Validation study: Yaroch et al, 2012
Reference tool(s): 24-hour dietary recalls
n = 244
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: White, Black
Country/location: U.S.

Yaroch AL: 2-item serving fruit and vegetable screener

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 2
Validation study: Yaroch et al, 2012
Reference tool(s): 24-hour dietary recalls
n = 244
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: White, Black
Country/location: U.S.

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Yaroch AL: 8-item fruit and vegetable screener

Dietary factors: Fruits and vegetables
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 8
Validation study: Yaroch et al, 2012
Reference tool(s): 24-hour dietary recalls
n = 244
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: White, Black
Country/location: U.S.

Zemel BS: Calcium Counts! Food Frequency Questionnaire

Dietary factors: Calcium
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: FFQ
Number of questions/food items: 41
Validation study: Zemel et al, 2010
Reference tool(s): 7-day weighed records
n = 139
Study population:
Age: Children
Gender: Both
Race/ethnicity: African-American, non-AA (mostly white)
Country/location: U.S.

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Zhou SJ: Iron-specific checklist

Dietary factors: Iron
Instrument description:
Questionnaire format: Checklist
Number of questions/food items: 65
Validation study: Zhou et al, 2005
Reference tool(s): Diet history
n = 54
Study population:
Age: Adults
Gender: Female
Race/ethnicity: Not specified
Country/location: Australia

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Last Modified: 18 Oct 2013